NEBRASKA FROM A TO Z
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A IS FOR AGRICULTURE & ARCHAEOLOGY
Nebraska has several ARCHAEOLOGY sites and celebrates ARCHAEOLOGY Month. The Eagle Ridge Site was an Oto village built on top of an older Plains Woodland burial site.The Walker Gilmore Site is a National Historic Landmark. The National Parks Service has an Archaeology Program.
Over 400 species of BIRDS are found throughout Nebraska. Bird watching is popular and there are many Birding Trails. The State Bird is the Meadowlark
Nebraska has many BRIDGES including Historic Bridges, 6 Suspension Bridges, and several Covered Bridges. The Lake Helen Footbridge spans the Gothenburg Canal. The Historic Bridge Foundation advocates for the preservation of historic bridges. The Blair Bridge has an interesting history. The Bob Kerrey Pedestrian Bridge is the first bridge to link 2 states. C IS FOR CAPITAL, COMMUNICATION, & COUNTIES
All forms of COMMUNICATION is available throughout Nebraska including newspapers, magazines, radio, television, telephone, and Internet. The state has 2 telephone area codes - 308 & 402. There are many Web Cams , and Internet service is available throughout the state.
Nebraska has 93 COUNTIES and each county has its own license plate prefix. Douglas County has the largest population and Arthur has the smallest population. The largest county is Cherry County and the smallest is Sarpy.The term county is the level of local government below the state itself.
The State Dance is the Square Dance. This type of dance is performed by groups of four couples. Dancers follow the directions of a "caller" and most of the music is provided by fiddles, banjos, and guitars. The State Song is Beautiful Nebraska.
Although there are few DINOSAUR fossils in the state, Nebraska is viewed as one of the best places to learn about proboscidean fossils (animals with trunks) including mammoths and mastodons. These fossils have been found in most of the counties in the state. The Mammoth is the State Fossil. The Ashville Fossil Beds are especially famous for fossils of mammals from the middle Miocene geologic epoch. The Agate Fossils Beds is a National Monument. Nebraska has an interesting paleontology history.
The Nebraska Department of EDUCATION oversees public education. It is provided free and is compulsory for any child age 7 to 16. In addition to public schools the state has private schools and homeschooling is popular.
A variety of EVENTS occur throughout the year. The State Fair is held in Grand Island and there are many County Fairs. Arbor Day originated in Nebraska. O'Neil has a St Patrick Day Celebration. The state observes State & Federal Holidays.
The Nebraska State FLAG is blue with the State Seal in the center. There are also municipal and county flags. Some Native American Tribes in Nebraska have a flag including the Omaha, the Ponca, and the Santee Sioux. The State Motto is "Equality Before the Law".
The Nebraska FOOD Timeline dates back to when Native Americans were living off the land. When the Lewis and Clark Expedition arrived in 1804, they inventoried the food in the area. Like the native Indians, the early traders, trappers, explorers, and missionaries who traversed what is now Nebraska also lived off the land. From the time of the establishment of the first settlements and farms in the state, corn and cornmeal became the major item of the diet. Today, the food of the state typifies simple, middle-American food with some influence from the German, Eastern European, and Scandinavian communities. Foods tend to be on the rich side. Kool-Aid was invented in Nebraska and is the official State Soft Drink. Kool-Aid Days is held in August. Famous name brand foods are Omaha Steaksand Runza Sandwiches.
Nebraska has had many FORTS. Most are not standing but some of them are historical sites and parks. In the 1950s, Nebraska State Historical Society archeological crews determined the locations of buildings at the Fort Atkinson site. The Nebraska Game and Parks Commission gained title to the site in 1971 and reconstructed the fort. Today it is a Nebraska state historical park, which includes a military museum and was designated a National Historic Landmark. Fort Kearny is a State Historical Park. Fort Omaha is primarily occupied by Metropolitan Community College and continues to house Navy, Marine, and Army Reserve units. The fort is where Ponca Chief Standing Bear was held prior to the landmark 1879 trial of Standing Bear v. Crook. Fort Robinson has many historic buildings and sites.
Nebraska has many GHOST TOWNS. The town of Akron has 2 residents and a cemetery. Amboy has a schoolhouse, mill, deport/warehouse, and barn. Lamar has an old school house, gas station, general store, church, several old homes, and a few residents. Nebraska claims to have many Haunted Places.
The GLOBAL POSITION of Nebraska is approximately 40-43 degrees latitude north and 95-104 degrees longetude west. The geographic center is Custer County. The highest place is Panorama Point and the lowest place is the Missouri River. The topography of the state ranges from 600 ft to 8,000 ft. Geocaching is a popular game using a Global Positioning System, and there are many geocaches in Nebraska.
The HISTORY of Nebraska dates back 10,000 years. Recorded history began in the 1500s. The state was involved in the Civil War. The state has many History Museums. At the Bowring Ranch Working Ranch and Living History Museum visitors can learn about ranching, homesteading and other information related to the Sandhills and Bowrings. Nebraska participates in National History Day.
A wide variety of INSECTS are found in Nebraska including many species of butterflies. The state also has Grasshoppers and Crickets and bees, ants, and wasps. The State insect is the European Honey Bee. There are also some creepy crawlies to watch out for.
Nebraska has many ISLANDS in rivers and lakes. Some of the island are listed on the U.S. Islands Directory because they have a ham radio. Cedar Island may only be an island during high water. Platte Island is under a bridge. Grand Island is named for the nearby Le Grand Island.
The JUDICIAL System is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state. Nebraska has several Courts. All state courts operate under the administrative direction of the Supreme Court.
Many aspects of life in Nebraska focus on KIDS, and the State Legislature has a Web site for Kids. The Nebraska Historical Society has Coloring Pages for Kids. There are a variety of summer activities for kids. There are also outdoor programs for kids. The Nebraska Department of Agriculture has a Kids Page. NOAA has a Kids Page about the weather. AG in the Classroom has a Kids Page about agriculture in the state.
Public and Academic LIBRARIES are located throughout Nebraska. Most of them have internet access & special programs, and some have bookmobiles. The State Library is in Lincoln and is the oldest public library in the state. The state has a Poet Laureate and celebrates National Poetry Month. The Nebraska Library Commission provides links to information.
The first residents of what is now Nebraska were NATIVE AMERICANS - Paleo Indians. Several other Native American tribes have lived there. The state has several Reservations and Thurston County is made up entirely of the Omaha and Winnebago Tribes. A Powwow is held at Winnebago. The state has several Casinos.
Nebraska was part of the OLD West (the area west of the Mississippi River During the 1800s) and has cowboys and cowgirls. Ogallala is the Cowboy Capital of the state. A Cowboy Poetry Gathering and Old West Days is held in Valentine. A variety of Rodeos are held throughout the year. Horseback riding is popular and the state has many Horse Trails and campsites. There is a Cowboy Trail in the northern part of the state. There is a Cowboy Hall of Fame in Sandhills.
Nearly 2 million PEOPLE live in Nebraska and residents are called Nebraskans. The center of population is the city of Shelby in Polk County. The state has the largest population of Czech-Americans in the country. Many well-known people have either been born in Nebraska or have lived there including Dick Cheney, 47th Vice-President.
The PONY EXPRESS was the fastest means of communication before the telegraph and Nebraska had many Pony Express Stations. The Pony Express Route went through the state from North Platte to Fort Kearney. Part of the National Pony Express Historic Trail goes through Nebraska. There is a Pony Express Museum in Gothenberg.
Nebraska claims to have more
RIVERS than any other state. The major rivers are the Missouri, Niobra,
Republican, and Platt. The
Missouri River is the longest river in North America and forms the entire boundary between Nebraska and Missouri. The
Niobrara is a National Wild & Scenic River. The
Republican was named after a branch of Pawnee Indians known as "the Republicans.
Nebraska has all forms of TRANSPORTATION. The State Department of Roads maintains highways, bridges, tunnels, and has an Adopt-A-Highway Program. The Federal Highway Administration has information about road closures in Nebraska. The state launched the first statewide 511 Program. The Union Pacific Railroad, headquartered in Omaha, was incorporated on July 1, 1862. The route of the original transcontinental railroad runs through the state. Several other railroadsoperate in the state. North Platte, Nebraska is home to the world's largest rail yard, Bailey Yard. A variety special license plates are available. Nebraska was the first to have statewide 511 travel information service. To celebrates its 50th birthday, Matchbox cars issued a vehicle for each state in the order in which it was admitted into the union. The vehicle for Nebraska was the Ford Dump truck
Nebraska has many varieties of TREES. The State Tree is the Cottonwood. The state has a Champion & Heritage Tree Programs. Nebraska has 2 National Forests - Nebraska National Forest and the Samuel R. McKelvie National Forest. Another area in the state that is under the management of the National Forest Service is the Oglala National Grassland.
Three ships have been name USS Nebraska. Nebraska was the name given to the never commissioned monitor USS Shakamaxon. The 1st USS Nebraska was a battleship that saw service during World WAR I. The 2nd USS Nebraska is an Ohio-class ballistic missile submarine.
There are no VOLCANOES in Nebraska and probably never have been. However, In 1971 a paleontologist at the University of Nebraska State Museum uncovered the bones of 200 fossilized rhinos, together with the prehistoric skeletons of camels, lizards, horses, and turtles in northeastern Nebraska. The site is now known as Ashfall State Park. It was determined that the ash originated approximately 10 million years ago in an extremely explosive eruption of the Bruneau-Jarbridge volcano in southwestern Idaho. The USGS monitors volcanoes around the world.
The Farmers Almanac has the WEATHER in Nebraska. The entire state experiences wide seasonal changes. Average temperatures are fairly uniform across the state, while average annual precipitation decreases east to west. Snowfall across the state is fairly even. Nebraska is located in Tornado Alley and thunderstorms are common in the spring and summer months. The Chinook Winds provide a temporary moderating effect on temperatures in western Nebraska during the winter months. The State Climate Office and NOAA provide information about the climate in the state. The Environmental Protection Agency provides information about Climate Change.
Nebraska has a great diversity of WILDLIFE. The state has Wildlife Refuges a Wildlife Rehabilitation Center. The State Animal is the White-Tailed Deer. Some species of wildlife are endangered. The Nature Conservancy protects lands & water needed for plants & animals to survive. The state has Wildlife Viewing Areas. Nebraska participates in the Wildlife Protection Program.
Time ZONES are established by the Coordinated Universal Time. The United states has several Time Zones. Most of Nebraska is in the Central Time Zone, but the panhandle is in the Mountain Time Zone. The state observes Daylight Savings Time. Nebraska has several plant hardiness zones.
Nebraska has 2 ZOOS. The Henry Doorly Zoo has the largest nocturnal zoo in the world. Riverside Park Zoo has over 200 animals including a Red Panda. The Schramm Park Recreation Area has the Ak-Sar-Ben aquarium that features 12 viewing tanks with a variety of fish species.