Nevada from A-Z
NEVADA FROM A TO Z
Click on highlighted word for more information.
A IS FOR AGRICULTURE & ARCHAEOLOGY
Nevada celebrates ARCHEOLOGY Month. The state protects archeological sites.. The Grimes Point and Hidden Caves area is considered one of the most important archaeologycal sites in the Western part of the country. Grapevine Canyon holds one of the most impressive displays of Indian petroglyphs in the country. The National Parks Service has an Archaeology Program.
Nearly 500 species of BIRDS are found in Nevada. Birdwatching is popular, and there are several Birding Trails. The State Bird is the Mountain Bluebird. Some birds are endangered or protected.
Nevada has several BRIDGES including Historic Bridges, a Suspension Bridge, and 2 Covered Bridge. The Mike O'Callaghan-Pat Tillman Memorial Bridge was opened in 2010 and links the states of Nevada and Arizona. It is the first so-called concrete-steel composite arch bridge built in the country. Virginia Street Bridge is a historic concrete double arch bridge in downtown Reno and is on the National Register of Historic Places. C IS FOR CAPITAL, COMMUNICATIONS, & COUNTIES
All forms of COMMUNICATION is available throughout Nevada including newspapers, magazines, radio, television, telephone, and Internet. The state has 2 telephone area codes. There are many Web Cams , and Internet service is available throughout the state.
Nevada has 16 COUNTIES and 1 independent city. The largest county is Elko and Carson City is the smallest county. Clark County has the largest population and Esmeralda has the smallest. The county is the primary form of local government.
The Nevada Department of EDUCATION oversees public education in Nevada. It is provided free and is compulsory for any child age between 7 and 17 years of age. The State also has private schools and homeschooling is popular. More information about schools is available at GreatSchools and SchoolBug.
A variety of EVENTS and things to do, and places to stay. The Great Reno Balloon Race is the largest in the country. Nevada Day is celebrated on October 31 and commemorates admission of the state to the Union. The Miss America Contest is held in Las Vegas. The state observes State & Federal Holidays.
The phrase "Battle Born" on the State FLAG reflects the state's entry on the Union side during the American Civil War. Several counties have their own flag. The State Seal show many aspects of Nevada. The State Motto is "All for Country". The state Colors are Silver and Blue. The State Artifact is the Tule Duck Decoy.
The Nevada FOOD timeline dates back to when the area was inhabited by Native Americans and the land, basically desert, was so poor that it could barely support them. Nomads with no permanent villages collected berries seeds, and nuts, and ate very little meat. Foods from later time periods include French Trappers, Mormons who built Mormon Station and settlements along well-traveled trails, European settlers, Basque sheepherders, African-American miners, and Chinese railroad workers. Nevada has FOOD Festivals and events. The food of Nevada is rich with all kinds foods from different time periods. Nevada (at least in Las Vegas) is known for buffets. The American "all you can eat" buffet was originated by Mr. Herb McDonald in Las Vegas in 1946. The Best in the West Nugget Rib Cook-off is held in Sparks. The state has a Program to help people with little or no income to buy food.
At one time Nevada had Forts, Camps, & Stations. Most of them are gone but remnants of some remain and are Historic Sites and/or Landmarks. When Fort Churchill was abandoned and being dismantled, a rancher salvaged materials to build the current two-story building seen today. The state park added this building to the Fort Churchill State Historic Site. Fort McDermit was the longest active Army fort in Nevada. In 1889 it was turned over to the Indian Service and converted into an Indian reservation school on the Fort McDermitt Indian Reservation. Old Las Vegas Mormon State Historic Park contains the Old Mormon Fort, the first structure built by people of European blood in what would become Las Vegas. There is a plaque at the site of Fort Ruby.
The GLOBAL POSITION of Nevada is approximately 38 degrees north and 116 degrees west. The geographic center is in Lander. The highest place is Boundary Peak and the lowest place is The Colorado River. The topography of the state ranges from 600 ft to 1200 ft. Geocaching is a popular game using a Global Positioning System, and there are many geocaches in Nevada.
Nevada has hundreds of GHOST TOWNS. Alder has pretty scenery and the mill runs. Berlin has aboaut a dozen buildings, and is the only ghost town on record to be declared a State Park. Kingsley has many mines. Gold Bar has ruins of a large mine. Palasade has 2 small wooden cabins and about 2 dozen people live in the area. Fort Schellbourne is a Ghosttown on private property.
The HISTORY of Nevada dates back thousands of years. Prehistoric peoples lived in what is now Nevada as early as 11,000 years ago. Present Nevada was part of an area held by Spain. Recorded history began in the 18th century when the southern tip was crossed by the Spanish Trail from Santa Fe to California. Twice a year the Nevada Civil War Volunteers put on a Civil War encampment at Fort Churchill. In December 2016, Gold Butte was declared a national monument. The state celebrates National History Day.
A wide variety of INSECTS are found in Nevada including many species of butterflies & moths. There are also several creepy insects. In 2008 school students choose the Dancer Damselfly to be the State Insect.
Nevada has about 34 ISLANDS in lakes and rivers. Most of them are on Lake Mead. Some of the islands are listed on the U.S. Islands Directory because they have a ham radio. There is a National Wildlife Refuge on Anaho Island which protects a colony of American White Pelicans, one of the 2 largest pelican colonies in the western United States.
The JUDICIAL System is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state. The Nevada Judiciary System is unique compared to the federal system or to other state systems. The highest court in the Nevada is the Supreme Court and is made up of 7 justices. The court is divided into 2 three-justice panels plus the chief justice. All appeals and extraordinary writs from the Nevada District Court that are filed in the Nevada Court System are filed with the Nevada Supreme Court. Right now, Nevada has no intermediate court of appeals
Many aspects of life in Nevada focus on KIDS, and the state has a Kids Page. The Department of Wildlife has a Kids Korner. The Nevada Dairy Commission has a special page for kids. The Las Vegas Nevada Museum of History has a Kids Club. NOAA has a Kids Page about the weather. AG in the Classroom has a Kids Page about agriculture in the state.
Public LIBRARIES are located throughout Nevada. The state also has Academic libraries at the Universities and colleges. Most of them have internet access & special programs, and some have bookmobiles. The State Library is in Carson City.
Nevada has many MOUNTAINS and Peaks. Boundary Peak is the highest summit in the state. The Sierra Nevada is a mountain range between Nevada and California. Mountain Climbing is a popular activity and the state has several rock climbing resources, associations and clubs including indoor climbing centers that provide rock walls as well as instruction.
Many MUSEUMS are located throughout Nevada including Art Museums, Galleries, and Centers. There are many Historical Museums. The Nevada Historical Society Museu in Reno is the oldest museum in the state.
The first residents of Nevada were NATIVE AMERICANS - Paleo-Indians. The state has many Tribes and 27 are Federally recognized. Many Powwows are held during the year. There are several Casinos in Nevada.
Nevada was part of the OLD West (the area west of the Mississippi River During the 1900s) and has cowboys and cowgirls. The state has many Rodeos and the Reno Rodeo is billed as the "Wildest, Richest, Rodeo of the West". The National Finals Rodeo is held on the campus of the University of Nevada. Horseback riding is popular. Click Here and Here for location of Horse Trails. One of the newest trails The American Discovery Trail spans the width of the state. Elko is one of the top 10 cowboy towns in the country and home to the Annual National Cowboy Poetry Gathering.
Nevada has a population of nearly 3 million PEOPLE and residents are known as Nevadans. Many well-known people have called Nevada their home including Pat Nixon, former First Lady, and Andre Agassi, Professional Tennis Player.
The PONY EXPRESS was the fastest means of communication before the telegraph and Nevada had several PONY EXPRESS Stations. "Pony Express Territory" roughly parallels the route riders took across the wild and untamed Nevada landscape and was dubbed by LIFE magazine as "The Loneliest Road In America.
Nevada is home to many species of REPTILES and amphibians. Seven of them are venomous. Three species of amphibians are Protected. The State Reptile is the Desert Tortoise and is considered a threatened species.
Nevada has many RIVERS. The major rivers are the Humboldt, Colorado, and Truckee. The Colorado is the longest River flowing thru the state. The Reno River Festival has a variety of water events. The state has several White Water Paddling places. American Rivers is an organization that protects and restores river systems in the country.
Nevada has many types of TRAILS and celebrates National Trails Day. The American Discovery Trail is a coast-to-coast trail for hiking and biking trail and horses. It starts on the Delmarva Peninsula on the Atlantic Ocean passes through Nevada and ends on the northern California coast on the Pacific Ocean. The trail has northern and southern alternates for part of its distance. The state has many Scenic Byways and Roadside Attractions.
Nevada has all forms of TRANSPORTATION. The State Department of Transportation maintains highways, bridges, and tunnels. There are some Adopt-A-Highway Programs in the state. The Federal Highway Administration provides information on traffic and road closures in Nevada. A variety of license plates are available. The National Automobile Museum is in Reno. To celebrates its 50th birthday, Matchbox cars issued a vehicle for each state in the order in which it was admitted into the union. The vehicle for Nevada was the The International Armored Car.
Nevada has many species of TREES and 2 State Trees - the Single-leaf Anyon Pine and the Bristlecone Pine. The state has a Big Tree Program. Carson City has 25 Champion Trees. Thirteen cities in the state have earned the Tree City USA designation from the Arbor Day Foundation. The state has 2 National FORESTS the Homboldt and Toiyabe. The Lund Petrified Forest is a Bureau of Land Management preserve that contains the fossilized remains of about 250 tree stumps buried by volcanic ash 15 million years ago. Unfortunately, the site was unprotected for many decades and many of the stumps have removed some of the stumps.
At least 4 ships have borne the name USS NEVADA. The 1st USS Nevada was originally named USS Neshaminy, then USS Arizona. It was a screw steamer built in 1863 but never armed and sold in 1872. The 2nd USS Nevada was a monitor. The 3rd USS Nevada was a battleship, commissioned in 1916 and damaged in the attack on Pearl Harbor. It was repaired and served during World War II, used as a target for Operation Crossroads after the war in 1946, and finally sunk for practice in 1948. The 4th USS Nevada is an Ohio-class ballistic missile submarine commissioned in 1986.
Nevada has VOLCANOES and volcanics. Northern Nevada has extensive young volcanic deposits. Southwestern Nevada is where the most crustal extension is occurring these days along with recent volcanism. The Walker Lane is visible paralleling the diagonal border with southern California. Southern Nevada has Volcanic Rock Aquifers. The USGS has information about volcanoes in the country.
Nevada has an interesting WEATHER History. The state is made up of mostly desert areas where temperatures can get up to 115 degrees in summer and can as low as 20 degrees in winter. The winter season in the southern part of the state tends to be short and mild. Most parts of Nevada receive little precipitation during the year. Most rain falls on the east and northeast slopes of the Sierra Nevada Range. Average annual rainfall is about 7 inches with the wettest parts getting around 40 inches. The Nevada State Climate Office provides information about the weather. NOAA provides information about the climate in the state. The Environmental Protection Agency provides information about Climate Change.
Nevada has a great diversity of WILDLIFE. The Desert National Wildlife Refuge is the largest wildlife refuge in the lower 48 states. Some species of wildlife are threatened or endangered. The State Animal is the Desert Bighorn Sheep and is considered an endangered species. The Nature Conservancy protects lands & water needed for plants & animals to survive. The state has Wildlife Viewing Areas. Nevada has a Wildlife Action Plan.