NEW HAMPSHIRE FROM A TO Z
A fact about the state of New Hampshire for each letter of the alphabet.
Click on highlighted word for more information.
A IS FOR AGRICULTURE & ARCHAEOLOGY
New Hampshire celebrates ARCHAEOLOGY Month in April. The New Hampshire State Conservation and Rescue Archaeology Program (SCRAP) is a public participation program for archaeology research in the state. The state has archaeology and paleontology events. The Nevil Archaeological Site dates back to 8,000 B.C. Stonehenge in the town of Salem is an archaeological site consisting of a number of large rocks and stone structures and is a tourist attraction. The National Parks Service has an Archaeology Program.
Many species of BIRDS are found throughout New Hampshire and some are endangered. Birdwatching is popular. The State Bird is the Purple Finch. Moultonboro has an annual Loon Festival. Nashua hosts an annual Cage Bird Show.
New Hampshire has many BRIDGES including Suspension Bridges, and Covered Bridges. The Contoocook Railroad Bridge is the oldest extant covered railroad bridge in the country and served rail traffic until 1960. The Hampton Wooden Bridge is the longest of its kind in the world. Many bridges are on the National Register of Historic Places in New Hampshire.
New Hampshire was one of the 13 original colonies. The colony of New Hampshire was founded on the division in 1629 of a land grant given seven years previously by the Council for New England to Captain John Mason and Sir Ferdinando Gorges. It participated in the American Revolution. In January 1776, the Congress of New Hampshire ratified the first state constitution in the soon-to-be United States, 6 months before the signing of the Declaration of Independence.
All forms of COMMUNICATIONS are available throughout New Hampshire including newspapers, magazines, radio, television, telephone, and Internet. The state area code is 603. There are many Web Cams , and Internet service is available throughout the state.
New Hampshire has 10 COUNTIES. The largest county in area is Coos & Strafford is the smallest. Hillsborough has the largest population & Coos has the smallest. The term county is the level of local government below the state itself. The state also has 13 municipalities, 221 towns, and 22 unincorporated places.
No evidence of DINOSAURS has been discovered in New Hampshire and the state has the fewest fossils of any state in the country. However its ancient sediments do contain traces of marine organisms. The state has an interesting paleontology history. For dinosaur coloring pages, CLICK HERE
The New Hampshire State Dog is the Chinook. The state has Dog Parks & Outdoor Areas. New Hampshire has several Dog Shows including many Purebred Dog Shows. There are Dog Friendly Beaches and Dog Friendly Hiking Trails. The New Hampshire 4-H Club has an All About Dogs Weekend. The Rolling Dog Farm rescues & shelters disabled dogs & horses. The Dog Guide Users of New Hampshire promotes the use of Service Dogs for the disabled.
The Department of EDUCATION oversees public education in New Hampshire. It is provided free and is compulsory for any child between 6 and 16. The State also has private schools that are required to comply with state standards and regulations. Information about schools is available from SchoolBug.
A variety of EVENTS are held throughout New Hampshire during the year. There are Arts & Craft Shows and many Art Galleries. The first Crafts Fair in the country was held at Crawford Notch. It is now held in Newbury. The first Thanksgiving Day was inspired by Sarah Hale of Newport. The state observes Public Holidays.
The New Hampshire State FLAG is blue with the State Seal in the center surrounded by a wreath of laurel leaves interspersed with 9 stars. It is the only state flag that depicts another state on its flag. It is represented by a star and stripe on the 13 star U.S. flag. The Hall of Flags in the State House features 107 battle flags for New Hampshire representing the Civil War, Spanish-American War, World War I, World War II, and the Vietnam War. The municipalities of Concord, Hampton, Manchester, Milford, and Stratham have a flag. The largest American flag in the country was manufactured in 1914 in Manchester. The State Motto is "Live free or Die".
The New Hampshire FOOD Timeline dates back to colonial days. In addition to the English and Scotch-Irish, there were a large number of French-Canadian settlers. The state is famous for it maple syrup, maple milkshake, apple cider, apple crisp, apple and squash casseroleyankee bean pot chili, baked beans, "New England" clam chowder. Stonyfield_Farm is an organic yogurt maker located in Londonderry. The state has Food Festivals, Shows, and Events. The State Fruit is the pumpkin.The New Hampshire Food Bank is the only food bank in the state.
New Hampshire has had many FORTS and Garrisons but most of them have been destroyed. Some 3 forts have historical markers and some have been made into parks. Fort at Number 4 is now a living history museum recreated to depict its appearance during King George's War. During most summers, the fort hosts both French and Indian War and American Revolutionary War reenactments. The fort was reopened for a full summer season in 2011. Fort William and Mary has been home to a lighthouse since 1771.
New Hampshire has many places that are called GHOST TOWNS. Monson has a restored colonial house and a small graveyard. Hill has some cellar holes and open fields. Roxbury has RR grades, quarries, roads, cellar holes, and stonework. Livermore has a population of 3. New Hampshire claims to have several haunted places.
The GLOBAL POSITION of New Hampshire is approximately 42 degrees north and 70 degrees west. Mt. Washington is the highest point and the Atlantic Ocean the lowest. The geographic center of the state is in the eastern part of New Hampton. The topography of the state ranges from sea level to 6,288 ft. Geocaching is a popular game using a global positioning finder, and there are many geocaches in New Hampshire.
The HISTORY of New Hampshire dates back 10,000 years. Recorded history began in the 1600s. The colony of New Hampshire participated in the Revolutionary War. The state also participated in the War of 1812 and contributed greatly to the Civil War. New Hampshire is the only state that ever played host at the formal conclusion of a foreign war. The Treaty of Portsmouth, ending the Russo-Japanese War, was signed at Portsmouth. New Hampshire participates in National History Day.
The Clydesdale is a breed of draught HORSE derived from the farm horses of Clydesdale, Scotland, and named after that region. Merrimack is home to the Budweiser Clydesdales maintained by the Anheuser-Susch Brewery and the famous eight-horse hitch. Horseback riding is popular and New Hampshire has some of the best horseback riding trails in New England. Many ski resorts transform during their off season into places best explored from a saddle. Black Mountain provides trail and pony rides.
A wide variety of INSECTS are found in New Hampshire including many species of butterflies & moths. The State Butterfly is the Karner Blue. There are a variety of spiders including poisonous spiders - the Black Widow and the Broad-Faced Sac Spider. Other insects include Bees, Ants, Wasps, Grasshoppers and Crickets, and Dragonflies and Damselflies, and a variety of True Bugs.The official State Insect is the Ladybug.
New Hampshire has nearly 300 ISLANDS in lakes, rivers, and offshore. Some of the islands are on the U.S. Islands Directory because they have a ham radio. Lake Winnipesaukee has over 200 islands. About 10 miles offshore are the Isles of Shoals, 9 small islands known as the site of a 19th century art colony founded by poet Celia Thaxter, as well as the alleged location of one of the buried treasures of the pirate Blackbeard.
Many aspects of life in New Hampshire focus on KIDS, and the state has a Kids Page. New Hampshire Fish and Games has a Kids Page about New Hampshire wildlife. NOAA has a Kids Page about the weather. AG in the Classroom has a Kids Page about agriculture in the state. The U.S. Mint has a special Kids Page
New Hampshire has many Public LIBRARIES. Most of them have internet access & special programs, and some have bookmobiles. The state also has several Carnegie Libraries. The State Library is in Concord and is considered to be the oldest such institution in the country. The first free public library in the country supported by voluntary contributions was established in Dublin in 1822. The oldest free public library in the country supported by taxation was established in Peterborough in 1833. The state has a Poet Laureate and celebrates National Poetry Month.
New Hampshire has several LIGHTHOUSES. . The Portsmouth Light house on the Atlantic coast was established in 1771 - before the American Revolution. Since 1771, Fort William and Mary has been home to a lighthouse. The current installation, the Portsmouth Harbor Light, was completed in 1878. The tower and the grounds immediately around it are open for scheduled tours. The most important aspect of a lighthouse is the light that comes from the tower.
New Hampshire has many MOUNTAINS and Mountain Ranges. Many mountains are over 4,000 feet and Peak Bagging is a popular sport. It is an activity in which hillwalkers and mountaineers attempt to reach the summit of some collection of peaks. Grand Mt. Monadnock has long been described as the second-most-climbed mountain in the world. The Old Man of the Mountain was a series of five granite cliff ledges on Cannon Mountain in the White Mountains of New Hampshire that appeared to be the jagged profile of a face when viewed from the north.
Many MUSEUMS are located throughout New Hampshire including Art Museums and Historical Museums. The Castle in the Clouds is a historic house with trails and science programs for children. Clark's Trading Post has a trained bear show, train rides, a fire station, and museum. The Muster Field Farm Museum is a working farm.
The first inhabitants of New Hampshire were NATIVE AMERICANS - Paleo-Indians. The main community of native people who lived near Amoskeag Falls were the Penacooks. Other tribes that have lived in the state are Abenaki and Pennacook. Although no longer a distinct tribe, many bands of Abenaki in New Hampshire have Pennacook blood in their veins.
The Atlantic Ocean is off the east coast of New Hampshire and celebarates World Oceans Day. The state has the shortest ocean coastline of any coastal state in the country. There have been several shipwrecks off the coast including a submarine. The USGS provides information about why the ocean is Salty. The Intertidal Zone along the coast is home to a wide variety of organisims. The Seacoast Science Center offers a opportunity to learn about the coastal environment. It has an indoor tide pool touch tank. NOAA provides Information about coastal tides.
Over 1 million PEOPLE live in New Hampshire and residents are called New Hampshirites. Several famous people have called New Hampshire their home including Franklin Pierce the youngest President elected at that time; Alan Shepard, Jr., the 1st American to go into space; Earl Tupper inventor of Tupperware; and Sarah Josepha Hale who wrote "Mary Had a Little Lamb"
The PORT of Portsmouth is one of the oldest ports in the country. The New Hampshire Port Authority plans the maintenance, development and use of Portsmouth, New Hampshire harbors, and navigable rivers, while aiming to stimulate commerce and the shipment of freight through the port.
New Hampshire is home to many species of REPTILES and amphibians including 10 species of frogs, 11 species of snakes, 12 species of native turtles. New Hampshire has only one venomous snake, the Timber Rattlesnake, which is protected by law. The State amphibian is the Spotted Newt. The Reptile and Amphibian Reporting Program is coordinated by the NH Fish and Game Nongame & Endangered Wildlife Program where volunteers report sightings of reptiles and amphibians.
New Hampshire has hundreds of RIVERS and many tributaries. The major rivers are the Androscoggin, Connecticut, and Merrimack. There is Whitewater Rafting and parts of the Lamprey and Wild Brook Rivers are National Wild and Scenic Rivers. American Rivers is an organization that protects and restores river systems in the country.
New Hampshire offers a wide variety of SPORTS and has many sports teams including college, high school, league, & professional. Golfing is a popular sport. Snow sports include Snowmobiling and Snowshoeing. The 1st Ski Club in the country was formed in Berlin, and the State Sport is Skiing. The state has race tracks including Greyhound, Horse,and Motor. Many great sports figures have come from the state.
New Hampshire has many types of TRAILS including Hiking and Walking Trails and Horse & Mule Trails. Over 100 miles of the Appalachian Trail goes thru New Hampshire. The state celebrates National Trails Day. The state has many Scenic Drives . The Moose Path Trail is considered one of the best road trips in New Hampshire. The state has several Roadside Attractions.
New Hampshire has many forms of TRANSPORTATION. The New Hampshire Department of Transportation maintains highways, bridges, tunnels, and has an Adopt-A-Highway Program. The Federal Highway Administration provides information on traffic and road closures in New Hampshire. Special license plates are available and there is a License Plates Museum. The Cannon Aerial Tramwaywas the first aerial passenger tranway in North America. To celebrates its 50th birthday, Matchbox cars issued a vehicle for each state in the order in which it was admitted into the union. The vehicle for New Hampshire was the Ford Crown Victoria.
New Hampshire has a variety of TREES. The State Tree is the White Birch. The state has a Big Tree Program. The state has several State Forests. Part of the White Mountain National FOREST is in New Hampshire.
Three ships have been named USS New Hampshire. The 1st USS New Hampshire was one of 9 ships of the line authorized (as the USS Alabama) in 1816, but not launched until 1864 as a storeship and destroyed by fire in 1921. The 2nd USS New Hampshire was a Connecticut-Class battleship commissioned in 1908 and sold for scrap in 1923. The 3rd USS New Hampshire was to be a Montana-class battleship but was cancelled. The 4th USS New Hampshire is a Virginia-Class nuclear attack submarine launched in 2008. The USS Albacore (AGSS-569) was a prototype submarine built at the Portsmouth Naval Shipyard and commission in 1953. At the time, she was thefastest submarine ever designed.
New Hampshire experiences a wide variety of WEATHER. The state Climatologist provides information about the weather. Summers are warm and humid and winters are cold and snowy. Sometimes there are hurricanes and tropical storms. The Environmental Protection Agency provides information about Climate Change. The highest wind speed recorded at ground level was at Mt. Washington on April 12, 1934.
New Hampshire has a great diversity of WILDLIFE. The New Hampshire Audubon Society has 38 Wildlife Sancturaries. There are also Wildlife Refuges and Wildlife Rehabilitation Centers. The State Animal is the Whitetail Deer. Some species of wildlife are endangered. The Nature Conservancy protects lands & water needed for plants & animals to survive. The state has Wildlife Viewing Areas. New Hampshire has a Wildlife Action Plan.
There are a couple of http://www.hostels.com/new-hampshire-state/usaYOUTH HOSTELS in New Hampshire. The state also has Elder Hostels now known as Road Scholars
Time ZONES are established by the Coodinated Univeral Time. The United States has several Time Zones. New Hampshire is in the Eastern Time Zone and observes Daylight Savings Time. The National Arbor Day Foundation lists New Hampshire in zones 3,4,5 & 6 for plant hardiness.