A IS FOR AGRICULTURE, AMISH, & ARCHAEOLOGY
New Jersey celebrates ARCHAEOLOGY Month and has several archaeological sites.. Objects from the Lenape Meadow include flint and quartz chips, shards of Early Woodland pottery, and tools and projectile points from the Late Archaic and the Early Woodland, and Late Woodland periods. The Minisink site is a National Historic Landmark. The National Parks Service has an Archaeology Program.
Many species of BIRDS are found throughout New Jersey and some are endangered or threatened. A popular activity is birdwatching and there are many Birding Trails. The State Bird is the Eastern Goldfinch.
New Jersey has many BRIDGES including suspension bridges and foot bridges. There are also Raidroad Bridges, Toll Bridges and 2 Covered Bridges. The George Washington Bridge has one of the heaviest loads of traffic in the world. Many bridges are on the National Register of Historic Places. The Historic Bridge Foundation advocates for the preservation of historic bridges.
New Jersey was one of the 13 original COLONIES. The New Jersey colony was founded in 1664 and was originally part of New York. It participated in the American Revolution and played a principal role in creating the structure of the new United States Government.
All forms of COMMUNICATIONS are available throughout New Jersey including newspapers, magazines, radio, television, telephone, and Internet. The state has 9 telephone area codes and overlays. Area code 201 was the first area code assigned as part of the North American Numbering Plan. There are many Web Cams , and Internet service is available throughout the state.
New Jersey has 21 COUNTIES. The largest county is Ocean and Hudson is the smallest. Bergen County has the largest population & Salem has the smallest. The term county is the level of local government below the state itself.
The Department of EDUCATION oversees public education in New Jersey. It is provided free and is mandatory for any child age from 6 thru 16. The State also has private schools and homeschooling is popular. Information about schools is available from GreatSchools and SchoolBug.
A variety of EVENTS are held throughout New Jersey during the year. There are also Arts & Crafts Shows. Redington Township hosts an annual Ballooning Festival. The state observes State & Federal Holidays. There are many events for Kids.
The New Jersey State FLAG dates back to 1779 and the New Jersey Regiments mustered for the Revolutionary War. There are also Municipal and County Flags. The State Seal was originally designed in 1777 and modified slightly in 1928. The State Motto is "Liberty and Prosperity". The state colors are Buff and Blue. The State Slogan is "Come See For Yourself". Tom and Jerry are the State Characters.
The New Jersey FOOD Timeline dates back to when the Lenni Lenape lived in the area.The state has food festivals, events, and shows and 4 edible state symbols - honeybee, brook trout, Jersey tomato, and blackberry. The state is best known for growing tomatoes, cranberries, blueberries, and sweet corn and achieved first place in the manufacture of soups. Campbell Soup is famous all over the world. New Jersey is home to many diner manufacturers and has more diners than any other place in the world.
New Jersey has had many FORTS most have been destroyed. Some have historical marker or have been made into a park. During World War II, Cape May Military Reservation was part of the Harbor Defense of the Delaware and supported Fort Miles. Fort Hancock is part of the National Park System. Battery Gunnison has two display guns and carriages. The plotting room for the examination battery years has been recreated with much of the communications equipment operational. Fort Lee is part of Palisades Interstate Park, New Jersey Section, with some period cannons in place. Fort Mott is a State Park. The museum maintains an interesting gun yard. The batteries are well kept and interpreted well. Two fire control towers still stand. A Guardhouse building, a Headquarters/Administration building, an Ordnance building and the Peace Magazine have been restored.
The GLOBAL POSITION of New Jersey is approximately 38 degrees north and 673 degrees west. The geographic center is in Mercer County. The highest place is High Point and the lowest place is the Atlantic Ocean. The topography of the state ranges from sea level to 1800 ft. Geocaching is a popular game using a Global Positioning System, and there are many geocaches in New Jersey.
New Jersey has many GHOST TOWNS. In Friendship there are several cellar holes and foundations. Amatol has sandy street remains, cellars, and brick and mortar foundations. Pasadena has ruins of the terracota factory. New Jersey claims to have many Haunted Places.
The HISTORY of present day New Jersey begins at the end of the Younger Dryas about 15,000 years ago. Recorded history began in the 1524 when European settlements were established. The entire region became a territory of England in 1664. The state played a significant role in the Revolutionary War and provided troops, equipment, and leaders in the Civil War. The first Miss America Pageant was held in New Jersey. The first drive-in movie was shown in Camden. New Jersey participates in National History Day.
The state animal of New Jersey is the horse and the state has more horses per square mile than any other state. Horseback riding is popular and the state has many horse trails and campgrounds. New Jersey has several rodeos. The U.S. Equestrian Team headquarters are in New Jersey. The Horse Park of New Jersey has a variety of events. The state has 3 Horse Race Tracks. New Jersey has several Horse Rescue Organizations. The New Jersey Horse Council provides information about horses and horse farms.
A wide variety of INSECTS are found in New Jersey. The state has many species of butterflies & moths and has a chapter of the North America Butterfly Association. New Jersey has a variety of True Bugs. The New Jersey Bug Museum is an insect learning center with insects from all over the world. The State Insect is the European honey bee.
New Jersey has many ISLANDS in the Atlantic Ocean, in bays, and on rivers. Some of the islands are on the U.S. Islands Directory because they have a ham radio. New Jersey has nearly a dozen Barrier Islands including the Island Beach State Park, the largest reserve of undeveloped barrier island in New Jersey and one of the largest in the country. New Jersey has 3 Artificial Islands including Ellis Island. There are several River Islands and Uninhabited Islands. Raccoon Island is an island on Lake Hopatcong, the largest freshwater body in the state.
The JUDICIAL System is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state. The structure of the court system in New Jersey is among the simplest in the nation. There are only a few basic types of courts in the state. Municipal courts, Tax Court, state Superior Court, which includes the trial courts, an Appellate Division and the New Jersey Supreme Court.
Many aspects of life in New Jersey focus on KIDS, and the state has a Kids Page. NOAA has a Kids Page about the weather. AG in the Classroom has a Kids Page about agriculture in the state. The National Agriculture Statistic Service has a Kids Book about agriculture.
New Jersey has many LIGHTHOUSES. The Sandy Hook Light is the oldest working lighthouse in the country. The Absecon Lighthouse is the tallest in the state and 3rd tallest and one of the oldest in the country. The New Jersey Lighthouse Society is the largest regional lighthouse society in the country. The most important aspect of a lighthouse is the light that comes from the tower.
New Jersey was originally settled by NATIVE AMERICANS, with the Lenni-Lenape being dominate at the time European settlements were established in the 1600s. The state does not have any Federally recognized tribes, but there are several tribes, bands, and nations. There is an annual Pow-wow at the Salem County Fair Grounds in Woodstown.
New Jersey is bordered to the east by the Atlantic OCEAN and celebrates World Oceans Day. Many shipwrecks have occurred off the coast of New Jersey. The Ocean Institute at Sandy Hook has special programs. The NOAA provides information about why the ocean is Salty and coastal tides and currents.
The Army Corps of Engineers is involved in the New Jersey/New York PORTS. The Port Newark-Elizabeth Marine Terminal was the 1st container port in the world and is one of the largest container ports in the world. The state has 6 major fishing ports and a number of smaller ports on the Delaware River & Bay, the Barnegat Bay, and Raritan Bay. Each supports a number of inshore and offshore fisheries.
New Jersey is home to many species of REPTILES and amphibians including turtles, snakes, salamanders, frogs, lizards, and toads. There are 24 species of snakes and 2 of them are poisonous. Some of the reptiles are endangered or threatened.
New Jersey has hundreds of RIVERS brooks, and streams. The major rivers include the Hudson, Delaware, Raritan, Passaic, Hackensack, Rahway, Musconetcong, Mullica, Rancocas, Manasquan, Maurice, and Toms. The Maurice is a Wild and Scenic River. There is a webpage with information about water in New Jersey. American Rivers is an organization that protects and restores river systems in the country.
New Jersey offers a wide variety of SPORTS and has many sports teams including college, high school, league, & professional. The state has private golf courses & public golf courses. It also has Race Tracks. The first officially recorded baseball game in history was played in Hoboken and the first intercollegiate football game in history was played in New Brunswick. Many great sports figures have come from New Jersey.
New Jersey has all forms of TRANSPORTATION. The State Department of Transportation maintains highways, bridges, tunnels, and has an Adopt-A-Highway Program. New Jersey is one of only 2 states where self-service filling gasoline is prohibited. Newark Liberty International Airport is one of the busiest airports in the country. The New Jersey Turnpike is one of the most heavily traveled highways in the country. There are many ferry services in the state and many bus carriers. The Federal Highway Administration provides information on traffic and road closures in New Jersey. A variety of special license plates are available. To celebrates its 50th birthday, Matchbox cars issued a car for each state in the order in which it was admitted into the union. The car for New Jersey was the Ikarus Coach.
New Jersey has a variety of TREES and the largest grove of Cherry Blossom trees in the country. The state has several State Forests. The State Tree is the Northern Red Oak and the State Memorial Tree is the Dogwood. The state has a Big Tree Program and celebrates Arbor Day. The New Jersey Forest Service is divided into 3 regions.
Several ships have been named USS New Jersey. The 1st USS New Jersey (BB-16) was commissioned in 1906. After trips to various places around the world, the ship was decommissioned in 1920. The 2nd USS New Jersey BB-62 is one of the most decorated vessels in the U.S. Navy. It is now in Camden and serves as a Museum and Memorial. The State Ship is the A. J. Meerwald.
New Jersey experiences a wide variety of WEATHER.During winter and early spring the state can experience Nor'easters. The state Climatoligist provides information about weather in the state. There is a webpage for kids about climate change.
New Jersey has a great diversity of WILDLIFE and Wildlife Rehabilitation Centers. Some species of wildlife are endangered or threatened. The Black Bear is the largest land mammal in the state. The Nature Conservancy protects lands & water needed for plants & animals to survive. The state has Wildlife Areas. The New Jersey Enviornmental Department has educational material.
New Jersey has a variety of ZOOS and aquariums. The Bergen County Zoological Park is home to a wide variety of wild and domestic animals. The Cape May County Park and Zoo has a variety of nearly 550 animals. The state also has petting zoos and pony rides.