Facts about New York for each letter of the alphabet.
Click on highlighted word for more information.
A IS FOR AGRICULTURE, AMISH, & ARCHAEOLOGY
AMISH is a way of life largely revolving around working and socializing together as a family and community. New York has the fastest-growing Amish population Amish population and the 5th largest overall in the country. There is an Amish Trail in the western portion of the Enchanted Mountains. Amish Friendship Bread started in New York.
New York has ARCHAEOLOGY programs and events throughout the year. Archaeology for kids is an annual summer program and the American Museum of Natural History has a workshop for kids. Archaeological Sites are located throughout the state and some are on the National Register of Historic Places in New York. Archaeology is always ongoing in New York City and there is a Walking Tour of Lower Manhattans Colonial beginning. An African burial ground from the 1700s has been found in New York City. Six state agencies work together to take care of Underwater Archaeological Sites. The New York Archaeological Council provides general information and educational resources about archaeology in the state.
Several hunder species of BIRDS can be found in New York. There are many game birds including Canada geese and wild turkeys. Falcons and eagles are also found. Bird watching is popular and there are many Birding Hotspots and Birding Trails. The State Bird is the Bluebird
New York has more than 17,000 highway BRIDGES and nearly 44 percent of them are owned by the State Department of Transportation, 50 percent owned by municipalities, and the rest owned by state and local authorities. There are also many Covered Bridges and Historic Bridges. The city of New York is often called the City of Bridges. New York has had many Suspension Bridges and the Verrazano-Narrows Bridge is the longest bridge span in the Americas. The Walkway over the Hudson is a former railway bridge and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The state has many scenic BYWAYS including the Lake to Locks Passage. Part of the Appalachian Trail goes through New York. The first section of the trail that was completed is in Harriman-Bear Mountain State Park. The Manhattan skyline can be seen from some spots along the trail. There are a variety of other trails throughout the state including Seaway Trail, a National Scenic Byway. New York participates in National Trails Day. New York has many Roadside Attractions
New York was one of the 13 original COLONIES. The New York Colony began as the Dutch trading outpost of New Netherland in 1614. It was involved in the American Revolution in which the colonies in North America joined together to break free from the British Empire. In 1776, the Fourth Provincial Congress of New York approved the Declaration of Independence. New York was declared a free state and a state constitution was created and approved in 1777.
New York has all forms of COMMUNICATIONS including newspapers, magazines, radio, television, telephone, and internet. The state has several telephone Area Codes and many Internet Service Providers. The New York Office for Technology strives to guide future technology in the state. Webcams are located throughout the state.
New York has 62 COUNTIES. The largest county is St. Lawrence County, and New York County is the smallest. Kings County has the largest population and Hamilton County has the smallest. New York City is the largest city in the United States. It is comprised of 5 boroughs: Bronx, Brooklyn, Manhattan, Queens, and Staten Island. The term county is used in 48 of the 50 states for the level of government below the state government.
The fossils of DINOSAURS have been found in New York. The State Fossil is the sea scorpion. The Paleontological Research Institute has one of the largest collections of fossils in the country. Fossils are abundant in the Ithica area and the state has an interesting Fossil History.
The New York State Department of EDUCATION oversees education in the state and follows specific Learning Standards. Public schools are free and school attendance is mandatory from age 6 through 16 or until graduation. There are also many private schools and homeschooling is popular. The Collegiate School on the Upper West Side of Manhattan is the oldest private school in the country. The Julliard School is perhaps the most famous music, dance and drama school in the world. Information about schools in New York is available at SchoolBug and GreatSchools.
New York has many special EVENTS throughout the year including Fairs and Festivals. New York City is a leader in entertainment. There are several State and County Fairs. The New York State Fair is held at Expo Center a year-round showcase of events, performances, and expositions. Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts is home to some of the outstanding cultural institutions in the country. Greater New York is host to hundreds of annual events. Many Arts and Craft Shows are held throughout the state during the year. The state observes Fixed Public Holidays and celebrates many other holidays.
The State FLAG has a dark blue field with the New York State Seal. The state has a wide variety of flags including counties, municipalities, cities, buroughs, and universities. The Iroquois Nations have their own flag. The State Character is Mickey Mouse.
The New York FOOD Timeline dates back to when colonial settlers moved to the New World and brought recipes, cooking implements, food processing methods, familiar animals, and seeds. New York has Food Festivals, Shows, and Events. There are also Food Tastings and Cultural Walking Tours. The state is geographically and culturally diverse and has a variety of interesting food. New York has several edible state symbols including - State fruit: apple, State beverage: milk, and State muffin: apple muffin. The New York Food Museum is not located at a specific site but holds special events during the year. New York city is famous for bagels, cheesecake, New York-style pizzas, and some 4,000 mobile food vendors. There is a Jell-o Museum in Le Roy. Food Banks are located throughout the state. The Old '76 House in Tappan, was built in 1868 and claims to be the oldest dining room in the country.
New York has had many FORTS, camps, "castles" fields, and bases. Fort Brown is now a military museum and veterans research center. Fort Niagra near Youngstown was the scene of fighting during the French-Indian War and the War of 1812. Fort Ticonderoga is a restored military fortress and offers tours.
New York several GHOST TOWNS and a Haunted History Trail. The town of Doodletown has foundation walls, a garage, and 2 cemeteries still in use. New Boston has 3 occupied houses. Groton City has houses and a church. Love Canal has homes, schools, and businesses. Tahawus has many homes and mine buildings. New York claims to have many Haunted Places.
The GLOBAL POSITION of New York is approximately 42 degrees north latitude and 73 degrees west longitude. The Unisphere in Queens is the largest global structure in the world. Madison is the geographic center of New York. Mount Marcy is the highest point and the Atlantic Ocean is the lowest point. The Topography of New York ranges from sea level to 5,344 ft. Geocaching is a high-tech treasure hunt using a Global Positioning System and New York has several geocaches.
The HISTORY of New York dates back 10,000 years when the first Native Americans arrived. Recorded history dates back to the 1500s when Giovanni da Varrazano sailed into New York Harbor. New York was involved in the Revolutionary War and the Battle of Long Island was the first major battle of the American Revolutionary War to take place after the United States declared its independence on July 4, 1776. The state was also involved in the War of 1812. During the Civil War, New York was a major influence in national politics. New York has a State History Day.
In New York City HORSE-drawn carriages are a favorite way to go through Central Park. Horseback riding is popular in New York and the state has many. Horse Trails even in New York City. New York has many Rodeos.
New York has many ISLANDS. Some of them are listed in the U.S.Islands Directory because they have a ham radio. Ellis Island was the gateway for immigrants between 1892 and 1954 and is part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument. New York City is made up of 3 islands - Manhattan Island, Stanten Island, and Long Island and there are more than 3 dozen islands located through the city's waters. Long Island is the largest island in New York. City IslandCity Island is located at the extreme western end of Long Island Sound.
New York has a variey of INSECTS including moths and butterflies. New York has several creepy bugs. The state has a variety of beetles and the State Insect is the ladybug. The New York Department of Conservation has information about Bugs.
The JUDICIAL System is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state. The New York Unified Court System is the official name of the judicial system of New York. Based in Albany, the New York State Judiciary is a unified state court system that functions under the Chief Judge of the New York Court of Appeals who is its administrator-in-chief and known as "The Chief Judge of New York."
Many aspects of life in New York focus on KIDS and the New York State Assembly has information for kids. The state has a Best Radio for kids and a Health Plan for kids. There are many Camps for Kids and a Learning Adventure in Citizenship for kids. The New York Farm-to-School program promotes the purchase of local products. Agriculture has an e-newsletter that is a monthly resource for classroom teachers, educators, community partners, parents, and volunteers.
Public and Academic LIBRARIES are located throughout New York. The State Library is in Albany. The Franklin D. Roosevelt Library and Museum has many of Roosevelt's books and personal belongings. Two branches of the New York Public Library are located in Lincoln Center. New York has a Poet Laureate and celebrates National Poetry Month.
The coast and lakes of New York have many LIGHTHOUSES. The Montauk Point Lighthouse is the oldest in the state and the 4th oldest in the country. There are several lighthouses along the Seaway Trail.The USCGC Katherine Walker services aids to navigation and conducts search and rescue, domestic ice breaking, and ports, waterways, and coastal security. The state has channel markers and special markers. The most important aspect of a lighthouse is the light that comes from the tower.
New York has nearly 100 MOUNTAINS. The Adirondacks have 46 mountains over 4,000 feet. Mount Marcy is the highest mountain in the state. Algonquin Peak is the 2nd highest peak in the state and one of the highest in the Adrondacks. The Catskills have over 35 mountains, and Slide Mountain is the highest. Mountain Climbing is popular and there are many Climbing Clubs. The largest kaleidoscope in the world is at Mt. Tremper.
Many MUSEUMS are located throughout New York. The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City is the largest art museum in the country, and the New York State Museum in Albany is the oldest state museum in the country. Waterloo has a National Memorial Day Museum. The Corning Museum of Glass has a collection of more than 45,000 glass objects, spanning 3,500 years of glassmaking history. The Brooklyn Childrens Museum has some unique exhibits. The National Museum of Play in Rochester is devoted to the study of play and the second largest museum of that type in the country. It includes the National Toy Hall of Fame and the National Center for the History of Electronic Games.
The first inhabitants of New York were NATIVE AMERICANS - Paleo Indians. Two of the largest and most powerful tribes in North American lived there - the Algonquian and the Iroquois. The St. Regis Mohawk Tribe is the only reservation that spans the U.S.-Canadian border. Federally and State"> recognized tribes. Many Indian Casinos are located throughout the state. Many OBSERVATORIES and planetariums are located throughout New York. The Dudley Observatory is the oldest independent organization in the country supporting research and education in astronomy. There are many Astronomy Clubs in New York, and Astronomy Day is celebrated.
New York is bordered to the east by the Atlantic OCEAN, and the state celebrates World Oceans Day. Including the shoreline of every bay and inlet on Long Island, the coastline is almost 1,850 miles long. New York is the only state that touches both the Great Lakes and the Atlantic Ocean. The state has had many shipwrecks along its coastline and in its coastal rivers. The Minerals Management Service provides information about the ocean. Find out why the Ocean is Salty.
Nearly 20 million PEOPLE live in New York including almost every culture and nationality. Many famous people were born in New York or lived there including several U.S. presidents and vice-presidents, athletes, authors, artists,and entertainers. Sam Wilson furnished meat to soldiers during the War of 1812 and marked the products with a U.S. and became known as Uncle Sam. Frank Baum wrote the "Wizard of Oz", and Washington Irving wrote Rip Van Winkle. There is a Lucy & Desi Museum in Jamestown. Halls of fame honoring people include the National Women's Hall of Fame and the Hall of Fame for Great Americans which is the original Hall of Fame in the country.
New York has many PORTS waterways & canals. The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey manage several aspects of transportation. Buffalo is a major port and oceangoing ships reach it through the St. Lawrence Seaway. The state has the most extensive deep water port in the world. The Erie Canal is a man made waterway that is over 300 miles long. The New York Waterway is a ferry system that provides commuter and tourist service.
New York has nearly a hundred species of REPTILES and amphibians including salamanders, turtles, toads, frogs, lizards, and snakes. Two amphibian species are listed as endangered: The tiger salamander and the northern cricket frog. Sixty-nine species are native to the state. State reptile laws simply state that it is illegal to possess any reptile. Reptile Adventure provides hands-on activities. New York has several Herpetological Socities.
New York has over 70,000 miles of RIVERS and streams. The Hudson and the Mohawk Rivers form one of the great trade routes in the country. The Hudson River is an American Heritage Designated River. The Delaware River forms part of the border between New York and the state of Pennsylvania. The East River separates Manhattan and Long Island. The Upper Delaware River is a Scenic and recreational river.The Genesee River is one of the few rivers in the world that flows south to north. The Niagara River is between Lake Ontario and Lake Erie.
New York has many SPORTS teams including National Leagues and Professional Leagues. Universities, colleges, and high schools also have sports teams. The state is home to several Halls of Fame honoring sports including the National Soccer Hall of Fame, the National Speed Skating Museum and Hall of Fame, and the National Baseball Hall of Fame. The state has many sports venues. New York has hundreds of golf courses, and more ski areas than any other state in the country. The Winter Olympics were held in Lake Placid in 1932 and in 1980.
New York has all forms of TRANSPORTATION. The State Department of Transportation responsible for the development and operation of highways, railroads, mass transit systems, ports, waterways and aviation facilities in the state. New York has an Adopt-a-Highway Program. The Federal Highway Administration provides information about traffic and road closures in the state. New York first issued License Plates in 1909. A variety of Customized plates are available. Syracuse is the only place in the country with a traffic sign that has the green on top. The New York Canal System is one of the largest internal waterways in the country and forms an extensive transportation network. To celebrate its 50th anniversary in 2002, Matchbox issued a vehicle for each state. The vehicle for New York was a Tow Truck.
New York has nearly 150 species of TREES and forests cover about half the state. The State Tree is the sugar maple. The Queens Giant is probably the oldest living thing in New York City and metropolitan area. The New York has many forests. The Finger Lakes National Forest has 6 narrow sheets of blue water and is the only National Forest in the state. The Catskill Forest Preserve has thousands of acres of forests and other attractions. The New York State Big Tree Register recognizes trees of record size.
New York has many UNIVERSITIES, colleges, and technical schools. Columbia University was founded in 1754 and is the 6th oldest university in the country. New York University was founded in 1831 and includes schools and colleges. In 1825, the first college social faternity the Kappa Alpha Society was formed at Union College in Schenectady.
At least 6 ships have been named USS New York. The 1st USS New York was a gondola. The 2nd USS New York was a frigate. The 3rd USS New York was a 74-gun ship of the line. The 4th USS New York ACR-2 was an armored cruiser. The 5th USS New York BB-34 was a battleship and active in both World War I and World War II. The 6th USS New York (LPD-21) is an amphibious transport dock. The USS New York City (SSN-696) is the only ship named specifically for the city. The USS Algonquin (1863) was a gunboat but never commissioned. The second USS Algonquin was a revenue cutter commissioned in 1897 and conducted Revenue Cutter Service/Coast Guard cruises. The USS Intrepid (CV-11) is the foundation of the Intrepid Sea & Air Space Museum in New York City.
The WEATHER in New York varies according to latitude, topography, and proximity to large bodies of water. Nearly all storm and frontal systems moving eastward across the continent pass through or close to New York. Cold winter temperatures prevail over New York whenever Arctic air masses flow southward from central Canada or from Hudson Bay. High-pressure systems often move just off the Atlantic coast and bring the very warm, often humid weather of the summer season and the mild temperatures during the fall, winter, and spring seasons. NOAA provides information about the weather. How will climate change effect New York? Webcams showing the Weather are located throughout the state.
New York has a wide variety of WILDLIFE. Some animals that once were common are now endangered including otters, mountain lion, and wolverine. The states fur-bearing animals include beavers, and raccoons. New York Wildis the first animal cam website that will operate on a year-round basis throughout the State. The New York Natural Heritage Program helps protect rare and endangered species. The state has several National Wildlife Refuges. The beaver is the State Animal.