NORTH DAKOTA FROM A TO Z
"Liberty and union, now and forever, one and inseparable"
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A IS FOR AGRICULTURE, AMISH, & ARCHAEOLOGY
The AMISH way of life largely revolves around working and socializing together as a family and community. In 1956 the Amish in North Dakota were almost extinct. Many of the remaining members joined the Mennonite community.
Many ARCHEOLOGY sites are on the National Register of Historic Places in North Dakota. The North Dakota Archaeological Association is interested in the archaeology of North Dakota and the Great Plains. After 3 archaeological projects, the Fort Union Trading Post was partially reconstructed with structures appearing as they did in 1850-1851. Double Ditch Indian Village has ruins of an Indian earth lodge and is a historic site. Pembina claims to be "The Oldest Settlement in the Dakota Territories".
Many species of BIRDS are found throughout North Dakota. Birdwatching is popular and there are many Birding Trails. The State Bird is the Western Meadowlark. Several species are endangered including the Piper Plover, the Least Tern, the Red Knot, and the Whopping Crane.
North Dakota has many BRIDGES. The Four Bears Bridge is one of the longest in the state. Hi-Line Raidroad Bridge is one of the longest and highest single track railroad viaducts in the country. The state has 4 Suspension Bridges, and 2 Covered Bridges. Several bridges are on the National Register of Historic Places.
All forms of COMMUNICATIONS are available throughout North Dakota including newspapers, magazines, radio, television, telephone, and Internet. The state telephone area code is 701. There are many Web Cams , and Internet service is available throughout the state.
North Dakota has 53 COUNTIES. The largest county is McKenzie and Eddy is the smallest. Cass has the largest population and Slope has the smallest. The term county is the level of local government below the state itself.
The State Dance is the Square Dance. The State Song is North Dakota Hymn. The State March is the Flickertail March.
In 1999 the fossilized remains of a Duckbilled DINOSAUR was found. It is nicknamed Dakota. The Dakota in Dickinson has exhibits, education, and bus tours. A variety of fossils have been found in the state, and the State Fossil is Petrified Wood. North Dakota Geological Survey has a paleontology page. For dinosaur coloring pages, CLICK HERE.
The Department of EDUCATION oversees public education in North Dakota. It is provided free and is mandatory for any child 7-16 years of age. The State also has private schools and homeschooling is popular Information about schools is available from GreatSchools and SchoolBug.
A variety of EVENTS and festivals are held throughout North Dakota during the year. The Norwegian Autumn Festivalis the biggest Scandinavian festival in the country. North Dakota also Arts and Craft shows. The state observes Federal Holidays.
The FOOD timeline dates back to the Native Americans and settlers from several countries. Cream of Wheat was invented in North Dakota. The Norsk Hostfest is popular for family fun & food and is the largest Scandinavian Festival in North America. The Great Plains Food Bank distributes food to people in need through a network of member food shelves, emergency shelters, soup kitchens, and other charitable feeding programs.
North Dakota has had many FORTS. At the present time the state has 12 forts and 3 are open to the public. Fort Abercrombie was the first permanent U.S. Military fort established in what was to become North Dakota. Three original buildings stand at Fort Buford which is a Historic Site. Fort Mandan is a reconstructed fort where Lewis and Clark spent their winter of of 1804- 1805.
The GLOBAL POSITION of North Dakota is approximately 46 degrees north and 100 degrees west. The geographic center is Sheridan. The geographic center of North American is in Rugby. The highest point is White Butte and the lowest point is the Red River. The topography of the state ranges from 350' to 1750'. Geocaching is a popular game using a Global Positioning Finder, and there are many geocaches in North Dakota.
North Dakota has many GHOST TOWNS. A few people live in Alfred and there are a couple of houses & old buildings. Dresden has 2 households, handbuilt church, grain elevator and small museum. Leal has a few abandoned buildings among its 35 residents. Wheelock has 100+ abandoned buildings and some shops and businesses. North Dakota claims to have several Haunted Places.
The HISTORY of North Dakota dates back to 9,000 BC with the arrival of the Paleo Indians. They were followed by the Arcaic Indians, the Woodland Indians and the Cheyenne. In the 1600s the Europeans arrived. The Territory of North Dakota had Regiments in the Civil War. The state participates in National History Day.
North Dakota is one of the few states that have a State Horse - the Nokota Horse. The Nakota Horse Conservancy is working to save this horse. The state has 2 Horserace Tracks. Horseback riding is popular and the state has many Horse Trails including several in State Parks. Montrail County has a 4-H Horse Show. The FM Mounted Posse is an all breed family orientated Saddle Club based in West Fargo involved in Showing, Trail Riding, Parades, Clinics, and other horse related interests.
North Dakota has several ISLANDS. Some of them are classified Historical. Some of the islands are on the U.S. Islands Directory because they have a ham radio. Graham's Island is located in Devils Lake and is a State Park.
The JUDICIAL System is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state. The North Dakota Judicial System consists of the Supreme Court, Court of Appeals, District Courts, and Municipal Courts. Together they form a judicial team responsible for providing an equal and fair system of justice to citizens of the state.
Many aspects of life in North Dakota focus on KIDS. North Dakota KIDS COUNTpromotes the well-being of kids in the state. NOAA has a Kids Page about the weather. AG in the Classroom and the Department of Agriculture have a Kids Page about agriculture. The U.S. Mint has a special Kids Page.
Public and Academic LIBRARIES are located throughout North Dakota. Most of them have internet access & special programs, and some have bookmobiles. North Dakota State University has several libraries. The State Library is in Bismark. The state has a Poet Laureate.
The first inhabitants of what is now North Dakota were Native Americans. At one time several tribes lived there. There are now 4 major Tribes and Reservations. Many Powwows are held during the year. There are several Casinos. The Devils Lake Sioux and the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa have their own license plates.
North Dakota was part of the OLD West - the area west of the Mississippi River in the 1800s. The State has Cowboys and Cowgirls. Medora has an Old-Fashioned Cowboy Christmas. The North Dakota Cowboy Hall of Fame is in Bismark. Many Rodeos are held during the year.
Nearly 8000,000 PEOPLE live in North Dakota and it is one of the least populated states. People who live there are called North Dakotans. Many famous people were either born there or have lived there.
North Dakota is home to many species of REPTILES and amphibians including frogs, toads, salamanders, lizards, snakes, & turtles. Reptile Gardens has more species and subspecies of reptiles than any other zoo or park in the world.
The North Dakota Department of TRANSPORTATION oversees the transportation system in the state, maintains the roads, and has an Adopt-A-Highway Program. North Dakota has many forms of transportation. The State Department of Transportation maintains highways, bridges, tunnels, and has an Adopt-A-Highway Program. Information about traffic & road closures in North Dakota is available. A variety of license plates are available. To celebrate its 50th birthday, Matchbox cars issued a vehicle for each state in the order in which it was admitted into the union. The vehicle for North Dakota was the Highway Maintenance Truck.
Two ships have been called USS NORTH DAKOTA. The 1st USS North Dakota BB-29 was a Delaware Class Battleship launched in 1908. She served during World War I and was struck from Naval Register in 1931. A model of the ship is on display at the North Dakota Heritage Center in Bismark. The 2nd USS North Dakota (SSN-784) will be a Virginia-class submarine currently under construction and expected to be delivered in 2014.
North Dakota experiences a wide variety of WEATHER ranging from very hot and humid summers to bitter cold winters with severe snowstorms sometimes classified as blizzards. The clash of arctic and tropic systems occasionally leads to thunderstorms which sometimes lead to hail and tornadoes. Flooding is common in the Red River Valley. The state may be effeced by Global Warming.
North Dakota has a great diversity of WILDLIFE including moose and deer. The state has Wildlife Managements Areas and Wildlife Refuges. There are also 2 Wildlife Viewing Areas - Lake Ilo and Tewaukon. Some species of wildlife are endangered. The Nature Conservancy protects lands & water needed for plants & animals to survive.
Time Zones are established by the Coordinated Universal Time. The United States has several Time ZONES. North Dakota is in 2 time zones. The eastern part of the state is in the Central Time Zone, and the western part is in the Mountain Time Zone. The state has several Plant Hardiness Zones
North Dakota has several ZOOS. The Dakota Zoo in Bismark is the largest zoo in the state. It has train rides & special events. The Red River Zoo in Fargo specializes in animals & plants native to areas similar to eastern North Dakotas extreme climate. The Chahinkapa Zoo in Wahpeton has a hands on area for children. The Roosevelt Zoo in Minot has a wide variety of animals.