OHIO FROM A TO Z
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A IS FOR AGRICULTURE, AMISH, & ARCHAEOLOGY
Ohio celebrates Archaeology Month in October. The state has many archaeological sites. Some are on the National Register of Historic Places in Ohio. The earliest people that have left archaeological records were the Adena Culture which evolved into the Hopewell Culture. The National Parks Service has an Archaeology Program.
Many species of BIRDS are found throughout Ohio and there are several Birding Clubs. Bird watching is popular and there are many Birding Sites and Birding Trails in the state. The State Bird is the Northern Cardinal.
Ohio has a variety of BRIDGES including Suspension Bridges, and Covered Bridges. The Y Bridge in Zanesville is the 5th construction at the same place. The Zoarville Station Bridge is the only known Fink Through-Truss bridge in the country. The S Bridge II was built in 1828. Only a few S Bridges still exist, mostly in Ohio. Several bridges are on the National Register of Historic Places in Ohio.
All forms of COMMUNICATIONS are available throughout Ohio including newspapers, magazines, radio, television, telephone, and Internet. The state has several 9 area codes. There are many Web Cams , and Internet service is available throughout the state. The Broadcasters Hall of Fame is in Akron. Go to the link to play some games.
Ohio has 88 COUNTIES. The largest county is Ashtabula and Lake County is the smallest. Cuyahoga has the largest population and Risingsun (actually a village) has the smallest. Fostoria is the only city situated in 3 counties (Seneca, Hancock & Wood). To commemorate Ohio's bicentennial in 2003, a barn painter painted a bicentennial mural on a barn in each county. The term county is the level of local government below the state itself.
No Mesozoic rocks are believed to be in Ohio so there probably were not any DINOSAURS, but the state is home to some of the best fossil-collecting fields in the world and many are located within State Parks. Fossil Park in Sylvania is one of just a handful of parks of its kind in the nation, and one of only two prime Devonian Era sites on the entire planet. Bones of Pleistocene mammals, including the mammoth, have been excavated. Most of the remains have come from cave or bog sites that have been systematically excavated. A Giant Roach Fossil has been found in a coal mine. The Tribobite is the State Fossil
The Ohio Department of EDUCATION oversees public education. It is provided free and is compulsory for any child from 6 to 18. The State also has private schools and homeschooling is popular. The first kindergarten in the country began in Columbus. The concept of a school superintendent was created in Ohio and it had the first graded school system in the country. Information about schools in Ohio is available from GreatSchools and SchoolBug. There is Pencil Sharpener Museum in Logan.
A variety of Festivals and EVENTS are held throughout Ohio during the year. The State Fair is held in Columbus and is one of the largest in the country. There are also County Fairs and Arts & Crafts Shows. The first Soap Box Derby was held in Dayton. The state observes State & Federal Holidays.
The Ohio FOOD Timeline dates back to the Revolutionary War when veterans were given land grants. Special foods and recipes were brought by settlers from many different countries, ethnic groups and religions. In the 19th century Cincinnati was known as "Porkopolis" because of it's famous hog industry. The state has Food Shows and Festivals. The State Beverage is Tomato juice. The State Native Fruit is Pawpaws and there is a Pawpaw Festival. Ice cream cones, hamburgers, and caramel corn snacks were invented in Akron by Charles E. Menches. Ohio has the only popcorn museums in the world - The The Wyandot popcorn Museum in Marion and the Antique Popcorn Museum in Holland. Jungle Jim's International Market in Fairfield has food from around the world, tours, food demonstrations and lots of fun and attractions. The Ohio Food Bank distributes food and other grocery items to the people in Ohio who are in need.
Ohio has had many FORTS but most of them have been destroyed. The site of Fort Miami is on the National Registry of Historic Places. Several re-enactments take places at Fort Meigs every year. Fort Recovery has a museum. The site of Fort Steuben has a replica of the fort and avisitor center.
Ohio has many GHOST TOWNS. The town of Ai has about 150 residents and an elementary school. MarL City has some old kilns and buildings. It is where the cement was made to make the first concrete paved street in the country. Ohio claims to have many Haunted Places.
The GLOBAL POSITION of Ohio is approximately 39 degrees north and 82 degrees south. Delaware is the geographic center of the state. The state has 5 major regions. The topography ranges from 427' to 1500'. The highest point is Campbell Hill, and the lowest is the Ohio River. Geocaching is a popular game using a Global Positioning System, and there are many geocaches in Ohio.
The HISTORY of Ohio dates back to 13,000 BC. Recorded history began in 1670 when the region was claimed by France. The state was involved in the Revolutionary War as the Americans and British struggle to gain support of the Indians. Marietta was founded in 1788 and was the first permanent settlement in Ohio. During the Civil War, the the state played a key role in providing troops, military officers, and supplies to the Union army. Ohio participates in National History Day.
Ohio has over 100 ISLANDS in rivers, lakes, and ponds. Many are on the U.S. Islands Directory because they have a ham radio. Middle Bass Island is the central island of a trio of islands known as the Three Sisters and is flanked by North Bass Island, and South Bass Island. The glacial grooves on the north side of Kelleys Island are the largest easily accessible such grooves in the world.
The JUDICIAL System is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state. The judiciary of Ohio is the branch of the government of Ohio that interprets and applies the law of Ohio, ensures equal justice under law, and provides a mechanism for dispute resolution. The Ohio judicial is set forth in the Constitution and law of Ohio and separates the state government into the Executive branch, the Judicial branch, and the Ohio has KARST and caves. Crystal Cave is the largest geode in the world and is open to the public. Rock House Cave is a tunnel-like corridor situated midway up a 150-foot cliff of Blackhand sandstone. Ash Cave is the largest recess cave in the state. The state has sinkholes especially near abondoned mines. The National Speleological Society has chapters in Ohio that provide information about caving. The National Park Service has a Cave and Karst Program.
Many aspects of life in Ohio focus on KIDS. The state has a special webpage for kids. The Department of Fish & Wildlife has a Kids Page. Ohio Emergency Management has a Kids Page. The state has an interactive color book and pages for kids. NOAA has a Kids Page about the weather. AG in the Classroom has a Kids Page. The U.S. Mint has a special Kids Page.
Public LIBRARIES are located throughout the state. There are also presidential, state, law, public, and academic libraries. The state has 66 Bookmobiles. Most of the libraries have internet access and special programs. The State Library is in Columbus.
Ohio has at least 24 LIGHTHOUSES. Marblehead light is the oldest lighthouse in continuous operation on the Great Lakes. Celina Light is located on a man-made lake. The most important aspect of a lighthouse is the light that comes from the tower.
A variety of MUSEUMS are located throughout Ohio including Art Museums, Historic House Museums and Historical Museums. The Ohio Statehouse Museum has served as the literal and symbolic center of Ohio since 1861. The John Glenn Museum honors the first American to orbit earth. The National First Ladies Library & Museum is devoted to educating people about the contributions of First Ladies and other notable women in history. The National Underground Freedom Center is a museum in Cincinnati based on the history of the Underground Railroad. The American Sign Museum in Cincinnati preserves, archives, and displays a collection of signs and the equipment utilized in the design and manufacture of signs. Cleveland is home to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
The first inhabitants of Ohio were NATIVE AMERICANS - Paleo-Indians. They were followed by the Archaic Culture and then the Woodland Culture. The Adena Culture came next and were the first farmers in the area. Next came the Hopewell Tradition. The Fort Ancient Culture was the last of the Ancient Cultures found in Ohio. During the last prehistoric period, several cultures arose in different parts of the area. By 1650 AD the Iroquois had driven out other tribes. The American Indian Education Center is an agency devoted to the cultural, educational, and socioeconomic enhancement of American Indians in Ohio through the provision of programs and services. The state has several Tribes, and Powwows are held during the year.
P IS FOR PARKS, PEOPLE, & PORTS
Ohio has nearly 12 million PEOPLE and is the 7th most populated state. Residents are called Ohioans or Buckeyes. Many well-known people have been born in Ohio or lived there. It has been the native state of 7 U.S. presidents and the residence of another. Astronauts include John Glenn and Neil Armstrong. The Wright Brothers are acknowledged as inventors of the first airplane. The first successful automobile in the country was made by John Lambert. The first electric automatic traffic light was invented by Garrett Morgan. Other inventions by Ohioans include the cash register, and the pop-top can. The National Inventors Hall of Fame is in Akron. The Cincinnati Fire Museum preserves and exhibits Greater Cincinnati's firefighting artifacts and honors firefighters, both past and present.
Ohio has 8 PORTS. Seven of them are along the north coast and one is inland. The City of Cincinnati, Hamilton County collaborated to create the Port of Greater Cincinati Development Authority. The Port of Conneaut offers fishing, boating, launch ramps, marina services, picnic locations, charter boats, Classic car & boat show, and one of the best wind surfing locations on Lake Erie. The Port of Cleveland is the 3rd largest port in the Great Lakes.
Ohio is home to many species of REPTILES and amphibians. The Black Racer Snake is the Official Reptile of Ohio. The state has 3 venomous snakes. The Ohio Division of Wildlife provided information on how to catch a turtle and what to do with them.
Ohio has many RIVERS and creeks. The major rivers are the Ohio, Cuyahoga, Miami, Maumee, Muskingham, Scioto, and Sandusky. The longest river in the state is the Ohio.The Cuyahoga River is designated an American Heritage River. There are over 700 miles of Scenic Rivers in Ohio. American Rivers is an organization that protects and restores river systems in the country.
Ohio has many types of TRAILS including many Horse Trails. Cleveland Metroparks has many nature trails.The state celebrates National Trails Day. Ohio also has many Scenic Byways. One of the best road trips in the state is Route 33 through the Hocking Hills looping back to Route 56. Ohio has a variety of Roadside Attractions.
Ohio has all forms of TRANSPORTATION. The State Department of Transportation maintains highways, bridges, tunnels, and has an Adopt-A-Highway Program. The Federal Highway Administration provides information on traffic and road closures in Ohio. The Cincinati Subway is recognized as the largest abandoned subway tunnel in the country. The first pedestrian button for control of a traffic light was in Cleveland in 1948. The 1st automobile service station was opened in Columbus. A variety of license plates are available. To celebrates its 50th birthday, Matchbox cars issued a vehicle for each state in the order in which it was admitted into the union. Akron was the first city to use police cars, and the vehicle for Ohio was the Crown Victoria Police Car.
Ohio has many species of TREES. The state has 1 National Forest - Wayne National Forest, but there are many State Forests. The State Tree is the Buckeye. Ohio has National Champion Big Trees. The state hold the #1 Position for having the most Tree Cities.
Five ships of the United States Navy have borne the named USS Ohio. The USS Ohio (1812) was a schooner on Lake Erie during the War of 1812. The USS Ohio (1820) was a ship of the line launched in 1820 and in use as a warship until 1850, then later a receiving ship. The USS Ohio (BB-12) was a Maine-class pre-Dreadnought battleship. The USS Ohio (BB-68)was a Montana class battleship cancelled before her keel was laid down. The USS Ohio (SSGN-726)was the lead ship of the Ohio class of nuclear-powered fleet ballistic missile submarines. Now one of the lead ships of the SSGN Conversions. The SS Ohiotook part in Operation Pedestal the August 1942 convoy to relieve the island of Malta. The SS Ohioan served in World War I.
Ohio does not have any VOLCANOES but there is evidence that the area did go through ages of periodic volcanic activity during the Precambrian, Ordovician, and Devonian Periods from about 4.5 billion to about 360 million years ago. The Federal Emergency Management Agency has information about volcanos.
Ohio experiences a wide variety of WEATHER. Winters are cold and summers mild in the eastern highlands. The southern region has the warmest temperatures and longest growing season. The Environmental Protection Agency provides information about Global Warming.
Ohio has many species of WILDLIFE. There are many Wildlife Areas and 3 Wildlife Refuges. The Ohio Wildlife Rehabilitation Center is a leader in wildlife rehabilitation and conservation education. Some species of wildlife are endangered. The Nature Conservancy protects lands & water needed for plants & animals to survive. The state has Wildlife Viewing Areas.
Ohio has several ZOOS. The zoo in Columbus also has an aquarium. The Toledo Zoo has over 5,300 animals and is working to preserve endangered and threatened species. The Akron Zoo is designated as a world conservation zoo.