SOUTH CAROLINA FROM A TO Z
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A IS FOR AGRICULTURE, ANIMALS, & ARCHAEOLOGY
South Carolina has 2 State ANIMALS. The State Dog is the Boykin Spaniel and there are Dog Events and Purebred Dog Shows. The State Horse is the Marsh Tacky and there are Horse Shows and horse races. The Thoroughbred Racing Hall of Fame is in Aiken. Horseback riding is popular and the state has many Horse Trails. The South Carolina Horse Council supports the common interests of the horse community. South Carolina has many animal rescue organizations.
Many species of BIRDS are found throughout South Carolina. Birdwatching is popular and there are many Birding Sites and Birding Trails. The Purple Martin roost on Bomb Island is the largest roost in North America. The State Bird is the Carolina Wren. The state Game Bird is the Wild Turkey. The state duck is the Wood Duck. Some birds are endangered.
South Carolina has many BRIDGES including Suspension Bridges, and Covered Bridges. The oldest covered bridge is Campbell's. The town of Bethune has the only bridge in the world that crosses the same river 3 times and the river does not fork. Poinsett Bridge is the oldest bridge in South Carolina and perhaps in the entire southeastern United States. Though no longer in use, the bridge remains largely intact. Some bridges are on the National Register of Historic Places.
All forms of COMMUNICATIONS are available throughout South Carolina including newspapers, magazines, radio, television, and telephone The state has 3 telephone area codes - 803, 843, and 864. There are many Web Cams , and Internet service is available throughout the state.
South Carolina has 46 COUNTIES. The largest county in population is Greenville. The largest in land is Horry. The largest in area (land & water) is Berkley. The smallest in area & population is McCormick. The term county is the level of local government below the state itself.
The state has several different dances. The State Dance is the Carolina Shag. The State Folk Dance is the Square Dance. The State Waltz is The Richardson Waltz. The Columbia City Ballet is the oldest dance company in the state.
The South Carolina Department of EDUCATION oversees public education in South Carolina. It is provided free and is mandatory for any child age 5 thru 17. The State also has private schools that are required to comply with state standards and regulations. Information about schools is available from GreatSchools and SchoolBug.
A variety of EVENTS are held throughout South Carolina during the year including festivals, fairs, and arts & craft shows. The largest Arts & Crafts Show in the state is held at Summerville. There are State Fair and County Fairs. Batesburg-Leesville has an annual Poultry Festival. The Mighty Moo Festival honors the USS Cowpens (CVL-25). The South Carolina Apple Festival celebrates the beginning of apple harvest season in Oconee County. The state observes State & Public Holidays.
The State FLAG of South Carolina has, in some form, existed since 1775, being based on one of the first Revolutionary War flags. Some counties and municipalities have a flag. The Catawaba Tribe has its own flag. The State Seal was authorized in 1776. South Carolina has two mottoes: (1) Dum Spiro Spero, meaning "While I Breathe I Hope", and refers to the figure of Hope on the State Seal, and (2) "Animis Opbusque Parati" meaning "Ready in Soul and Resource".
The South Carolina FOOD Time line dates back to the 1600s when settlers brought seeds and root cuttings from England and France. Many settlers had business connections with the West Indies and island food influenced Charleston cooking. Rice and bean dishes have noticeable flavors obtained from the cooking of the Caribbean Islands and Africa. The state has Food Festivals and Events. Boiled Peanuts are the State Snack. Milk is the State Beverage and tea is the State Hospitality Beverage. Collard Greens is the State Vegetable, and the Peach is the State Fruit. The South Carolina Food Bank Association is located throughout the state.
South Carolina has 2 National Forests and 5 State Forests. The Congaree National Park is primarily known for its primeval forest. The state has many species of trees. The State Tree is the Sabal Palmetto. The state has both State & National Champion Trees.
The GLOBAL POSITION of South Carolina is approximately 32-35 degrees north and 73-83 degrees south. The state is bordered to the south by the state of Georgia, to the north by the state of North Carolina, and to the east by the Atlantic Ocean. The geographic center of the state is in Richland County. The lowest place is sea level and the highest is Sassafras Mountain. The topography of the state ranges from sea level to 4,500 feet. Geocaching is a popular game using a Global Positioning System, and there are many geocaches in South Carolina.
South Carolina has had 6 GHOST TOWNS. The town of Ellenton has houses, streets, farms, & a gas station. Newell has old buildings and numerous automobiles. Nothing remains of the other ghost towns. South Carolina claims to have several Haunted Places.
The HISTORY of South Carolina dates back to at least 13,000 BC when tool-making nomads began to leave material remains. Prior to European settlement the region now called South Carolina was populated by several Indian groups. The Cherokee inhabited the northwestern section, the Siouan the northern and eastern regions, and the Muskogeans lived in the south. The Chronological History began in 1500.South Carolina participates in National History Day.
A wide variety of INSECTS are found in South Carolina including many species of butterflies & moths. The official State Insect is the Carolina Mantis. The State Butterfly is the Eastern Tiger Swallowtail. The State Spider is the Carolina Wolf Spider.
South Carolina has many ISLANDS in lakes, rivers and off the coast. Some of the island are on the US Islands Directory because they have a ham radio. Johns Island is the largest island in the state and the 4th largest on the east coast. Hilton Head is the 2nd largest Barrier Island on the east coast. There is a world class resort on Daufuskie Island. The Isle of Palms is thought to be at least 25,000 years old. Each year thousands of Purple Martins return to
The Constitution of South Carolina is the governing document of the state and describes the structure and function of the state's government. The JUDICIAL System is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state. The Judicial System in South Carolina is composed of several courts including the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeals, and the Circuit Court.
Many aspects of life in South Carolina focus on KIDS, and the state has a Homework Page. NOAA has a Kids Page about the weather. AG in the Classroom has a Kids Page about agriculture in the state. NASA has a Kids Club. The U.S. Mint has a special Kids Page.
Public LIBRARIES are located throughout the state. Most of them have internet access & special programs, and some have bookmobiles. The University of South Carolina is the oldest freestanding library in the country and has several libraries. The State Library is in Columbia. The state has a Poet Laureate.
South Carolina has a number of LIGHTHOUSES. Lighthouses survive at 8 historic light stations in the state. Developers have restored 2 of them and built several facsimiles. Several other lighthouses need attention including Georgetown, Hunting Island, and Cape Romain. All of the lighthouses in the state are in National Park Service, State of South Carolina, or private ownership. A lighthouse is an important aspect to the mariner.
South Carolina has a variety of MUSEUMS including several Childrens Museums. The Childrens Museum in Myrtle Beach provides interactive learning experiences. The Childrens Museum in Greenville provides experiences that stimulate curiosity, stir the imagination, and develop a lifelong love of learning. The South Carolina State Museum has long-term exhibits and 5 changing exhibit galleries.
NATIVE AMERICANS were the first inhabitants of what is now the state of South Carolina. The Catawba Indian Nation is the only Federally recognized tribe and their reservation is in York County. There are other tribes, bands and communities. State Parks protect some of the most important and interesting Native American sites in the state. The tribal Council of the Waccamaw Indian People declared February 17th, the date their Tribe became State recognized, as a Tribal holiday.
Nearly 5 million PEOPLE live in South Carolina and they are called South Carolinians and Sandlappers. Many famous people have called the state their home including Andrew Jackson, 7th President; Jesse Jackson, Civil Rights Leader; and Joe Frazier, professional boxer.
QUILTING is popular in South Carolina and there are many Quilting Guilds and Quilt Shows. There are also several Weaving, Spinning, Knitting, and other fiber Groups.
Take a QUIZ about South Carolina.
South Carolina has a variety of REPTILES including the American Alligator and 38 species of snakes. The Loggerhead Turtle is the State Reptile. The Spotted Salamander is the State Amphibian. Alligator Adventure is one of the largest facilities in the world for reptile life. The state is part of the Partners in Amphibian and Reptile Conservation Program.
South Carolina has many RIVERS including White Water Paddling Rivers. The longest river in the state is the Savannah River forming most of the border between the State and Georgia. The largest river is the Santee.
South Carolina has many SPORTS teams including high school, college, league, and professional. Golf is popular and there are many public and private Golf Courses. To celebrate its 50th anniversary Matchbox designated a vehicle for each state. For South Carolina it was the Golf Cart. The South Carolina Atletic Hall of Fame is in Columbia.
South Carolina has a variety of TRAILS including hiking, biking, and canoeing. The state participates in National Trails Day. South Carolina has several scenic byways. The Cherokee Foothills Scenic Highway was the route used by the Cherokees and the English and French fur traders and is considered one of the best road trips in the state. The Ashley River Road passes several historical sites and is designated a National Scenic Byway. The Savannah Byway goes through 4 counties, national forests, picturesque towns, & rolling farmland. South Carolina has several Roadside Attractions.
South Carolina has all forms of TRANSPORTATION. The Department of Transportation is responsible for building, maintaining, and operating road, bridges, and tunnels in the state and has an adopt-a highway program. A variety of special License Plates Designs are available. To celebrates its 50th birthday, Matchbox cars issued a vehicle for each state in the order in which it was admitted into the union. The vehicle for South Carolina was the golf cart. The Federal Highway Administration provides information about traffic and road closures in the state.
Five ships have been named USS South Carolina. The 1st ship was a schooner built for the Revenue Cutter Service. The 2nd ship was a coastal patrol vessel. The 3rd ship (1860) was a steamer used by the Union Navy during the Civil War. The 4th Ship (BB-26) was lead ship of the class of battleships. The 5th Ship (CGN-37) was the 2nd ship of the California Class of nuclear power guided missal cruise in the U.S.Navy.
South Carolina does not have any active VOLCANOES, but about 750 million years ago, volcanoes were erupting all up and down the east coast. The soil in the upper part of the state is bright red still from the iron in the lava which flowed across the land. The Appalachian Mountains contain volcanic rock such as granite and basalt. There are sand volcanoes at Myrtle Beach.
The WEATHER in South Carolina includes beautiful summers and mild winters. Tropical cyclones and afternoon thunderstorms due to hot and humid conditions contribute to precipitation during the summer and sometimes fall months. Tornadoes are most common in the spring with a secondary peak in November. Hail and damaging winds often occur in summertime thunderstorms. The current weather is provided by Weather Underground and NOAA. How Global Warming will effect South Carolina.
South Carolina has a variety of WILDLIFE including rare, threatened, and endangered species. The Bobcat is the only native animal found in the state. South Carolina has 20 Wildlife Refuges and has a Wildlife Action Plan.
South Carolina has several ZOOS and Aquariums. The Riverbanks Zoo in Columbia has special events and attractions. The Greenville Zoo has hundreds of animals from all over the world. Hollywild Animal Park has an Outback Safari Ride. Waccattee Zoological Farm near Myrtle Beach has winding trails and over 100 species of animals. The South Carolina Aquarium is on the edge of Charleston Harbor and has a Touch Tank and a 4-D Theater. Ripley's Aquarium at Myrtle Beach has a dinosaur exhibit.