UTAH FROM A TO Z
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A IS FOR AGRICULTURE & ARCHAEOLOGY
Utah celebrates ARCHAEOLOGY Month. The state has many Archaeological Sites. There are many petroglyphs at Newspaper Rock and it is a State Historical Monument. The Fremont People left distinct rock art on cliff walls. Range Creek has archaeological sites that are virtually untouched. Danger Cave has artifacts dating back over 9,500 years ago. The National Parks Service has an Archaeology Program.
Over 400 species of BIRDS are found in Utah. birdwatching is popular and there are many Birding Trails. The Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge attracts thousands of migrating birds. The State Bird is the California Gull.
Utah has several BRIDGES including Suspension Bridges, and Covered Bridges. The Natural Bridges National Monument has 3 natural bridges named "Kachina," "Owachomo" and "Sipapu" in honor of the Native Americans that once made this area their home. Rainbow Bridge is often described as the tallest natural bridge in the world. The Historic Bridge Foundation advocates for the preservation of historic bridges. Many bridges are listed on the National Register of Historic Places in Utah.
Utah has a variety of Scenic BYWAYS. The Utah State Route 12 state highway is designated an All-American Road. The Grand Circle Road Trip, predominantly in Utah, is one of the most famous National Parks road trips in the country. The state also has many types of TRAILS and celebrates National Trails Day. The Narrows is considered one of the best trails in Zion National Park. Jones Hole Trail is in a remote and scenic part of Dinosaur National Monument in northeast Utah. The state has several Roadside Attractions.
All forms of COMMUNICATION are available throughout Utah including newspapers, magazines, radio, television, telephone, and Internet. The telephone area codes are 801 and 385. There are many Web Cams , and Internet service is available throughout the state.
Utah has 29 COUNTIES. The largest county is San Juan and Davis is the smallest county. Salt Lake County has the largest population & Daggett has the smallest. The term county is the level of local government below the state itself.
Utah is one of the best places in the world to discover DINOSAURS. A variety of fossils have been found in the state. The Dinosaur Quarry holds the highest concentration of Jurassic-era remains ever found. In 2008 on federal land near Hanksville paleontologists say they unearthed at least 2 meat-eating dinosaurs, a probable Stegosaurus, and 4 sauropods. In 2010 2 new dinosaurs have been discovered in the state. The State Fossil is Allosaurus. The Dinosaur Diamond Scenic Highway runs through the best land in the world to learn about dinosaurs. CLICK HERE for dinosaur coloring pages.
The Department of EDUCATION oversees public education in Utah. It is provided free and is compulsory for any child age 6 to 18. In addition to publick schools, there are Charter Schools and private schools and homeschooling is popular. Information about schools is available from GreatSchools and SchoolBug.
A variety of EVENTS and festivals & celebrations are held throughout Utah during the year. Utah Arts Festival is held in Salt Lake City and the Kimball Arts Festival is held in Park City. The state and observes National and special Holidays including July 24, Pioneer Day .
The Utah State FLAG was adopted in 1913 and consists of the State Seal encircled in a golden circle on a background of dark navy blue. Some counties and municipalities have a flag The Cache County Sheriff has a flag. The Paiute and Ute Tribes have a flag. The State Motto is "Industry".
The FOOD timeline for Utah dates back to Native Americans followed by the arrival of the Mormons. The State Fruit is the cherry, The State Vegetable is the Spanish Sweet Onion, and the State Historic Vegetable is the Sugar Beet. The residents claim to eat more Jell-O per capita than any other state. Lime is a favorite and was immortalized during the 2002 Winter Olympics where pins depicting this dessert were sold. Salt Lake City residents also buy more lime Jell-O than all other Americans, presumably to make the most popular dish of lime Jell-O with shredded carrots. Fried Scones are a Utah specialty. The State Cooking Pot is the Dutch Oven, and there is a Dutch Oven Cook-off. For over 100 years, the Utah Food Bank has stayed true to its mission of serving those in need throughout the state.
Utah has had many FORTS. Some of the forts are listed as historic sites. The Latter Day Saints owns Fort Cove and maintains a museum there. Fort Buenaventura has been reconstructed and is now a county park. In 1991 Fort Douglas was officially closed though the Utah National Guard maintained control of the Military Museum and the 96th ARCOM received the parts of the Fort which were not deeded to the University of Utah.
Because of its mining history, Utah has many GHOST TOWNS. The town of Newhouse has dozens of ruined buildings. In Sego the Stone Company Store, boarding house, and many foundations remain. In Argyle buildings and walls still stand. Utah claims to have several Haunted Places.
The GLOBAL POSITION of Utah is approximately 37 degrees north and 109 degrees south. The geographic center is in Sanpete County. Utah is part of the 4 corners region.The highest place is Kings Peak and the lowest is Beaver Dam Wash. The topography of the state ranges from 1800 ft to 12,000 ft. and includes mountains and deserts. Geocaching is a popular game using a Global Positioning System, and there are many geocaches in Utah.
The HISTORY of Utah dates back thousands of years. Francisco Vasquez de Coronado may have crossed into what is now southern Utah in 1540, when he was seeking the legendary Quivira. Utah played a small part in the Civil War. During World War II Alta ski center became involved in the war effort when paratroopers from the 10th Mountain Regiment trained on its slopes. In 2016, Bears Ears was declared a national monument. The state participates in National History Day.
A wide variety of INSECTS are found in Utah including many species of butterflies & moths. The state has a chapter of the North America Butterfly Association and an Odonota (Dragonfly) Society. The Utah Lepigoperists's Society is dedicated to the study of Lepidoptera in the state. The official State Insect is the Honeybee. The Utah Beekeepers Association has informaton about beekeeping.
Utah has many ISLANDS in lakes, rivers, and reservoirs. Some of them are on the U.S. Islands Directory because they have a ham radio. The Great Salt Lake has several islands and Antelope Island is the largest.
The JUDICIAL System is the system of courts that interprets and applies the law in the name of the state. The powers of the Government of Utah is divided into 3 distinct departments, the legislative, the executive, and the judicial" each department having specific functions and responsibilities under the Utah Constitution.
Many aspects of life in Utah focus on KIDS. There is a Wildlife Program for kids, and the Salt Lake County library has a kids zone. The Department of Fish & Wildlife has a Kids Page about wildlife in the state. NOAA has a Kids Page about the weather. AG in the Classroom has a Kids Page about agriculture in the state. The U.S. Department of Agriculture has a Kids Page. The U.S. Mint has a special Kids Page.
Public, Academic, & Special LIBRARIES are located throughout Utah. The Utah Academica Consortium provide access to many libraries. Most of them have internet access & special programs, and some have bookmobiles. The State Library is in Salt Lake City. Utah has a Poet Laureate and celebrates National Poetry Month.
Utah has many MOUNTAINS, ranges, peaks, buttes, & cliffs and mountain climbing is a popular activity. Boulder Mountain makes up half of the Aquarius Plateau of South Central Utah. The top of the mountain has many lakes. Kaiparowits Plateau is a high altitude land form. The sandstone layers have become a unique source of fossilized remains of the Late Cretaceous Period.
Many MUSEUMS are located throughout Utah including Art Museums and Historical Museums. The Children's Museum is an interactive hands-on museum in downtown Salt Lake City. The Hill Aerospace Museum near Ogden is a U.S. Air Force Museum. The Natural History Museum of Utah engages senses, allowing visitors to go inside exhibits, touch artifacts, and more.
The first inhabitants of Utah were NATIVE AMERICANS - Paleo Indians. They were followed by the Archaic Period. In AD 400 the Anasazi moved into the area and by the year 1700 Navajos arrived. The Uintah and Ouray Reservation is the second largest reservation in the country. The Uintah and Ourey Reservation is in the northeast part of the state. Part of the Navajo Reservation is in Utah. Native American tradition and present-day customs strongly influence the cultural climate in the state. Many Pow Wows are held during the year.
Utah was part of the OLD West (the area west of the Mississippi River During the 1800s) and the Old West and cowboys still ranch on Utah's soil. A variety of Rodeos are held throughout the year. Horseback riding is popular and the state has many horseHorse Trails and campsites. Bluffdale celebrates Old West Days with many events. Wild West Days are celebrted in Leeds.The American West Heritage Center in Wellsville is a 160-acre living museum of American western life.
Over 3 million PEOPLE live in Utah and they are called Utahans. Cowboys and cattlemen are a fundamental part of the economic and social heritage of the state. In the 1800s, Icelandic immigrants settled in the Spanish Fork area creating the 1st permanent Iclandic settlement in the country. Many well-known people have called Utah their home including Butch Cassidy the Notorious Robber.
The PONY EXPRESS was the fastest means of communication before the telegraph and Utah had many Pony Express Stations. The Pony Express Backcountry Byway begins near Fairfield and ends at Ibapah. Eagle Mountain City has Pony Express Days. Every year there is a Pony Express Endurance Run.
Utah has many RIVERS. The major rivers are the Green, Colorado, Jordan, Bear & Virgin. The Siever River is the longest river entirely within the state. The Jordan River has white-water rafting. The American Rivers is an organization that protects and restores river systems in the country.
Utah has many forms of TRANSPORTATION. The State Department of Transportation maintains highways, bridges, tunnels, and has an Adopt-A-Highway Program. The Federal Highway Administration provides information on traffic and road closures in Utah. Personalized license plates are available. To celebrates its 50th birthday, Matchbox cars issued a vehicle for each state in the order in which it was admitted into the union. The vehicle for Utah was the Ford Explorer Sport Trac.
The USS Utah was the only ship named for the state. It was attacked and sunk at Pearl Harbor where there is now a memorial to her. Two ships have borne the name USS Salt Lake City. Many ships have been named in honor of people and places in Utah. Although the state is landlocked it has a spectacular Naval history.
Utah experiences a wide variety of WEATHER. NOAA provides information about the climate in the state. The Utah Climate Center facilitates access to climate data and information. The Environmental Protection Agency provides information about climate change.
Utah has a great diversity of WILDLIFE and many Wildlife Refuges and Wildlife Rehabilitators. Some species of wildlife are endangered. The State Animal is the Rocky Mountain Elk. The Nature Conservancy protects lands & water needed for plants & animals to survive. The state has Wildlife Viewing Areas. Utah has a Wildlife Protection Program.
Time Zones are established by the Coordinated Universal Time. The United States has several Time ZONES Utah is in the Mountain Time Zone. Utah is in several plant hardiness zones. Any plant that grows in zone 5 or lower will probably survive.
Utah has 3 zoos. At the Wild Kingdom Train Zoo animals can be seen when riding the train or walking the paths. The Hogle Zoo has educational programs and many animals. The Willow Park Zoo has animals, birds, fish and reptiles. Barnyard Buddies Petting Zoo & Pony Rides is in Gardner Village.